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Flashcards in Chapter 1,2 Deck (15)
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1

Who is John Ray?

first person to use genus and species, harbringer of taxonomy

2

Who is James ussher?

Archbishop who believe earth is 6000 years old, based on bible, accepted by mordern creationists

3

Who is Robert Hook?

observed fossils of wood that gave clues into paleo life- suggested life has changed over time

4

Who is Nicholas Steno?

studied stratigraphy, created law of superposition, that the deeper the earth the older it is

5

Who is George Cuvier?

Creator of catastrophism, that species were wiped out, and new lifeforms were divinely created

6

Who is James Hutton?

uniformatism, geological processes in past are the same as today- the processes have not changed, earth has. did not extend this view to living world

7

Who is Charles Lyell?

slow gradual change was how physical world changed. opposed catastrophism

8

Who is Carolus Linnaeus?

Worked upon Ray's taxonomy and created binomial nomenclature, belived species werefixed for a long time tho

9

Who is Georges Leclerc?

environmental changes were agents for change in characteristic of species

10

What is Lamarckism?

The inheritability fo acquired traits

11

did humans evolve from monkeys?

NO. they share a common ancestor though.

12

What are the 5 major disciplines Darwin Drew upon to create thory of evolution?

Geology, paleontology, taxonomy and systematics, demography, evolutionary biology

13

Mendelian inheritance

transmission of genetic material

14

What is mendelian inheritance role in evolutionary synthesis

Darwin provided mechanism for evolution, mendel showed how traits are passed on systematical and predictably

15

What are the four forces of evolution?

Mutation, gene flow, genetic drift,