Flashcards in Chapter 1,2 Deck (15)
Who is John Ray?
first person to use genus and species, harbringer of taxonomy
Who is James ussher?
Archbishop who believe earth is 6000 years old, based on bible, accepted by mordern creationists
Who is Robert Hook?
observed fossils of wood that gave clues into paleo life- suggested life has changed over time
Who is Nicholas Steno?
studied stratigraphy, created law of superposition, that the deeper the earth the older it is
Who is George Cuvier?
Creator of catastrophism, that species were wiped out, and new lifeforms were divinely created
Who is James Hutton?
uniformatism, geological processes in past are the same as today- the processes have not changed, earth has. did not extend this view to living world
Who is Charles Lyell?
slow gradual change was how physical world changed. opposed catastrophism
Who is Carolus Linnaeus?
Worked upon Ray's taxonomy and created binomial nomenclature, belived species werefixed for a long time tho
Who is Georges Leclerc?
environmental changes were agents for change in characteristic of species
What is Lamarckism?
The inheritability fo acquired traits
did humans evolve from monkeys?
NO. they share a common ancestor though.
What are the 5 major disciplines Darwin Drew upon to create thory of evolution?
Geology, paleontology, taxonomy and systematics, demography, evolutionary biology
transmission of genetic material
What is mendelian inheritance role in evolutionary synthesis
Darwin provided mechanism for evolution, mendel showed how traits are passed on systematical and predictably