Chapter 1, 2, & 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1, 2, & 10 Deck (47)
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1

stage 1: pestilence & famine

main cause of death is disease

2

Gall-peters projection (equal area projection)

cylindrical; size is accurate, shape is not
good for comparing area sizes

3

foreign direct investment

investment made to another country by a foreign company
most go to developed countries

4

isoline

connects with lines all places that have a particular value

5

arithmetic density

total people divided by total land area

6

3 main techniques of map projection

cylindrical, conical, & azimuthal

7

economic structures: tertiary

provision of services

8

phsiological density

total people divided by total arable land

9

HDI measures...

standard of living, health & education

10

UN measures health based on...

life expectancy at birth

11

doubling time

# of years needed to double the population
rule of 70 (70/% growth rate)

12

natural increase rate

% by which a population grows in a year
20(CBR) - 10(CDR) = 15/10 = 1.5% NIR

13

mixed crop & livestock farming

most crops fed to animals (corn)

14

purchasing power parity (PPP)

cost of living adjustment to account for differences among countries in the cost of goods

15

crude birth rate

total # of ppl born in a year for every 1000 p

16

crude death rate

total# of deaths in a year for every 1000 p

17

mercator map

shape is accurate, size is not
top & bottom are stretched out, center squished together
good for navigation

18

demographic transition

explains the change in population growth rates over time

19

food security

access at all times to safe and nutritious food sufficient to meet dietary needs for an active and healthy lifestyle

20

3 main features of distribution

density, concentration (clustered or dispersed), pattern

21

economic structures: secondary

manufacturing

22

dot distribution

depicts data as points & shows how these points are clustered together or spread out

23

plantation agriculture

commercial farm specializing in one or two crops
usually developing countries, but owned by companies/people in developed
coffee, rubber, cocoa, etc.

24

Winkel projection

attempt to minimize distortion in shape & size
good for education, text books, etc

25

pastoral nomadism

herding of domesticated animals

26

agricultural density

ratio of farmers to amount of arable land

27

economic structures: primary

extraction activities

28

distribution

arrangment of a feature in space

29

Meridian

east to west of prime meridian long
0-180

30

shifting cultivation

grow crops on area for few years until soil nutrients are depleted, then leave it fallow for many years so soil can recover
slash and burn; usually tropical regions