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Why are preschool-age children at a higher risk for foodborne illnesses?

They have not built up strong immune systems


What is a TCF food?

Food requiring time and temperature control for safety.


Which is a TCS food: bread, flour, sprouts, or strawberries?



What are the five common mistakes that can lead to foodborne illness?

Failing to cook food adequately, holding food at incorrect temperatures, using contaminated equipment, practicing poor personal hygiene, and purchasing food from unsafe sources.


What is an important measure for preventing foodborne illness?

Controlling time and temperature


Raw chicken breasts are left out at room temperature on a prep table. What is the main risk that could caused a foodborne illness?

Time-temperature abuse


A server cleans a dining table with a wiping cloth and then puts the wiping cloth in an apron pocket. What is the risk that could cause a foodborne illness?

Poor cleaning and sanitizing


What is the textbook definition of Foodborne Illness?

A disease carried or transmitted to people by food


What is the textbook definition of Foodborne Illness Outbreak?

An incident in which two or more people experience the same illness after eating the same food.


What are the characteristics of potentially hazardous food?

1) Contains moisture; 2) Contains protein or carbohydrates; 3) Has two or slightly acidic pH


List five potentially hazardous foods.

1) Milk/dairy; 2) Meat, fish, poultry; 3) Shell eggs; 4) Shellfish/seafood; 5) Cooked rice, beans or other heat-treated plant food; 6) Cut fruits and vegetables; 7) Tofu and other soy-protein meat alternatives; 8) Sprouts and sprout seeds; 9) Garlic-and-oil mixtures.


What is cross-contamination?

Contamination that occurs when microorganisms are transferred from one surface or food to another.


What is the Food Code?

A science-based reference guide for retail food establishments on how to prevent foodborne illness.


Who writes the Food Code?

The FDA (Food and Drug Administration)


What is the difference between clean and sanitary?

Clean--free of visible soil; Sanitary--reduction of microorganisms to safe levels


What is the difference between sanitization and sterilization:

Sanitization reduces microorganisms to safe levels; Sterilization kills all microorganisms.


Which type of food would be the most likely to cause a foodborne illness: Frozen corn, Baked potatoes, Sliced cucumbers, Instant soup mixes?

Baked potatoes--has moisture, high carbohydrate level, and low pH level


The "flow of food" refers to the

path that food travels through an establishment


Three friends who ate a sausage pizza together fell ill with yersinisosis. It was later determined that the sausage had been time-temperature abused. This is an example of

a foodborne-illness outbreak


Which of the following is not considered a potentially hazardous food: A soy burger; Swiss cheese; Cooked beans; Dried parsley?

Dried parsley


Which of the following is not considered a potentially hazardous food: Sliced watermelon; Alfalfa sprouts; Baked pears; Chopped celery?

Chopped celery


All of the following are consider potentially hazardous foods except: Ground beef; Raw oysters; Cranberry juice; Garlic-and-oil dressing

Cranberry juice


If plant food is heat-treated, which of the following is true: 1) Its shelf life can be extended; 2) It is considered a potentially hazardous food; 3) It tastes better; 4) It must not be mixed with other food

It is considered a potentially hazardous food.


Summary of foodborne illness.

A foodborne illness is a disease transmitted to people by food. An illness is considered an outbreak when two or more people have the same symptoms after eating the same food.


Summary of contaminants in food.

Three types of contaminants threaten food safety. They are biological, chemical, and physical. Of these, pathogens pose the greatest danger.


Summary of food handlers and the safety of food.

Food handlers who do not follow correct procedures can also threaten the safety of food. They can do this when they fail to cook food enough and when they hold it at incorrect temperatures. Food handlers can also cause an illness when they use contaminated equipment and when they practice poor personal hygiene.


Summary of food and pathogens.

Food has been time-temperature abused when it has stayed too long at temperatures that are good for the growth of pathogens. Pathogens can be transferred from one surface or food to another. This is called cross-contamination. Pathogens can spread to food if equipment has not been cleaned and sanitized correctly between uses.


Pathogens and TCS food.

Pathogens grow well in TCS food. To prevent this growth, this food needs time and temperature control.


Summary of high risk populations.

Some groups are at a higher risk of getting sick from unsafe food. They include preschool-age children; the elderly; people with cancer or on chemotherapy; people with HIV/AIDS; transplant recipients; and people on certain medications.


Summary of important prevention measures.

Important prevention measures for keeping food safe are controlling time and temperature; preventing cross-contamination; practicing good personal hygiene; purchasing from approved, reputable suppliers; and cleaning and sanitizing items correctly.