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1

What is psychology?

psychology is the science that STUDIES BEHAVIOUR and PHYSIOLOGICAL and COGNITIVE PROCESSES that underlie it

2

What are the 2 main areas of psychology?

Research or clinical practice

3

What are the 4 area's of research?

SOCIAL- how mental life and behaviour are affected by interacting with other people; peer pressure and aggression
PERSONALITY- analyzing differences
EXPERIMENTAL- examine basic processes through animal research, etc
DEVELOPMENT- things that shape mental life and behaviour from birth to old age

4

What are the 3 area's of practice psychology?

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY-diagnose and treat behavioural problems
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY- diagnose and teat learning and emotional problems of school age children
FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY- uses stats to predict behaviour of criminals

5

Describe social research.

how mental life and behaviour are affected by interacting with other people; peer

6

Describe personality research.

analyzes personality differences

7

Describe experimental research.

examine basic processes through animal research, etc

8

Describe developmental research.

things that shape mental life and behaviour from birth to old age

9

What does a clinical psychologist do?

diagnose and treat behavioural problems

10

What does a school psychologist do?

diagnose and teat learning and emotional problems of school age children

11

What does a forensic psychologist do?

uses stats to predict behaviour of criminals

12

What are the roots of psychology?

physiology and philosophy

13

What connection does psychology have to philosophy?

Socrates and Aristotle brought the idea of mind and soul connection to light

14

Who is considered the father of modern day medicine, and played a role in the physiology side of psychology

Hippocrates

15

How did Wilhem Wundt define psychology?

the scientific study of consciousness

16

Define structuralism.

is based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze STRUCTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS into its BASIC ELEMENTS; just like physics breaks down matter into its basic particles

17

Who led the structuralists?

Edward Titchener

18

What did structuralism rely on?

Introspection

19

Define Introspection.

an internal inspection reflection on your experience

20

Define Functionalism.

the study of function and purpose of consciousness

21

What did functionalists look at?

They wanted to find out the adaptive significance of consciousness; focused on learning and problem solving.

22

Who was the leader of functionalism?

William James

23

Define Behaviouralism.

based on the premise that scientific study should only study the OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOUR

24

What years did behaviouralism flourish?

50's and 60's

25

Who was behaviouralism influenced by?

Ivan Pavlov (conditioned reflex)
Edward Thorndike (law of effect)
John B. Watson (launched behaviourism)

26

What did Ivan Pavlov contribute to behaviourism?

the conditioned reflex

27

What did Edward Thorndike contribute to behaviourism?

the law of effect

28

What is the Law of effect?

The law of effect basically states that “responses that produce a satisfying effect in a particular situation become more likely to occur again in that situation, and responses that produce a discomforting effect become less likely to occur again in that situation.”

29

What is the conditioned reflex?

an acquired response that is under the control of (conditional on the occurrence of) a stimulus

30

Who launched behaviourism?

John B. Watson