Flashcards in Chapter 02: Mesopotamia Deck (52)
When did the last Ice Age end?
When was the first evidence of agriculture in the Levantine Corridor?
When did the Sumerians arrive in Mesopotamia?
When did the Sumerian city-states begin to develop?
Global Warming in 15,000 B.C.E. caused what?
Ice glaciers to melt
The ___________ led to the first farming settlements.
By ___________ cereal agriculture was wide spread.
Who lived in lower Mesopotamia in 5,000 B.C.E?
List the accomplishmets of the Smerians:
1. large cities, then city-states
2. sophisticated system of writing
3. monumental buildings
4. Probably invented the wheel
5. developed an irrigation system using gravity
6. use of a plow
7. made bronze utensils and weapons
Effective, unified rule over Mesoptamia occurs whenever ________ takes power in 2,300 B.C.E.?
Sargon the Great
What occupations in this society required an education, formal training, or apprenticeships?
scribes, priesthood, metalworking, shopkeepers, clerks, laborers
What occupations in this society did NOT require an education?
carters, wine pressers, millers
Who comleted the essential task of fetching water?
The women and the children
What is polytheism?
the belief in many gods
Who was Innana?
the goddess of love and fertility
Who was Enki?
What were the Ziggurats?
Pyramids where gods reside and preists made offerings
What is the most famous Ziggurat?
The tower of Babel
What were the two key factors of the Mesopotamian environment?
Aridity of climate and the unpredicatinility of the rivers
Religion focused on the control of these:
Mesopotamian gods were ______________
Men, women viewed as ______ of god-creators
People intended to provide ______.
1. cruel (like nature)
The Mesopotamians had no trace of ethics. They instead focused on:
offerings and acts to win regularity with nature
Mesopotamian gods punished, but not for sins, by
Natural Catastrophes (drought, flood)
Did the Mesopotamian people believe in an afterlife?
No clear sense of immorality
What is the Epic of Gilgamesh?
What was the first epic poem in world literature?
Epic of Gilgamesh
List two themes of the Epic of Gilgamesh:
1. a king's desire for the secret of immoral life
2.god's jealous of the king's power defeat him
How did the Mesopotamians contribute to Chronology?
-discovered time was a of a cyclic nature
-developed 2 calendars: Lunar and Solar
How did the Mesopotamians contribute to modern western societies?
The base unit of 60 (60 seconds and 60 minutes)
The 360 degree circle
What is the term used to describe symbols that derived from pictures?