Chapter 02: Mesopotamia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 02: Mesopotamia Deck (52)
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1

When did the last Ice Age end?

15,000-10,000 B.C.E.

2

When was the first evidence of agriculture in the Levantine Corridor?

10,000 B.C.E.

3

When did the Sumerians arrive in Mesopotamia?

5,000 B.C.E.

4

When did the Sumerian city-states begin to develop?

3,000 B.C.E.

5

Global Warming in 15,000 B.C.E. caused what?

Ice glaciers to melt

6

The ___________ led to the first farming settlements.

Dryas Event

7

By ___________ cereal agriculture was wide spread.

8,000 B.C.E.

8

Who lived in lower Mesopotamia in 5,000 B.C.E?

Sumerians

9

List the accomplishmets of the Smerians:

1. large cities, then city-states
2. sophisticated system of writing
3. monumental buildings
4. Probably invented the wheel
5. developed an irrigation system using gravity
6. use of a plow
7. made bronze utensils and weapons

10

Effective, unified rule over Mesoptamia occurs whenever ________ takes power in 2,300 B.C.E.?

Sargon the Great

11

What occupations in this society required an education, formal training, or apprenticeships?

scribes, priesthood, metalworking, shopkeepers, clerks, laborers

12

What occupations in this society did NOT require an education?

carters, wine pressers, millers

13

Who comleted the essential task of fetching water?

The women and the children

14

What is polytheism?

the belief in many gods

15

Who was Innana?

the goddess of love and fertility

16

Who was Enki?

the water-god

17

What were the Ziggurats?

Pyramids where gods reside and preists made offerings

18

What is the most famous Ziggurat?

The tower of Babel

19

What were the two key factors of the Mesopotamian environment?

Aridity of climate and the unpredicatinility of the rivers

20

Religion focused on the control of these:
Mesopotamian gods were ______________
Men, women viewed as ______ of god-creators
People intended to provide ______.

1. cruel (like nature)
2. slaves
3. labor

21

The Mesopotamians had no trace of ethics. They instead focused on:

offerings and acts to win regularity with nature

22

Mesopotamian gods punished, but not for sins, by

Natural Catastrophes (drought, flood)

23

Did the Mesopotamian people believe in an afterlife?

No clear sense of immorality

24

What is the Epic of Gilgamesh?

Creation myth

25

What was the first epic poem in world literature?

Epic of Gilgamesh

26

List two themes of the Epic of Gilgamesh:

1. a king's desire for the secret of immoral life
2.god's jealous of the king's power defeat him

27

How did the Mesopotamians contribute to Chronology?

-discovered time was a of a cyclic nature
-developed 2 calendars: Lunar and Solar

28

How did the Mesopotamians contribute to modern western societies?

The base unit of 60 (60 seconds and 60 minutes)
The 360 degree circle

29

What is the term used to describe symbols that derived from pictures?

pictography

30

What is the term used to describe script in wedge-shaped characters after 3,500 B.C.E.?

Cuneiform writing