Chapter 01: The Earliest Human Societies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 01: The Earliest Human Societies Deck (28)
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1

What is the term for reproductive selectivity favoring certain traits and characteristics necessary for survival?

Natural Selection

2

How long ago was the Hominid species (human-like creature) on Earth?

4.5 million years ago

3

Where did the Homo sapiens (thinking or skillful man)
originate from?

East Africa

4

At what time were Homo Sapiens in every continent except for Antarctica?

10,000-15,000 B.C.E

5

What is the term used to describe a record of human activity based on evidence?

History

6

What is the term used to describe the systematic study of history?

Historiography

7

What is the term used to describe the study of past cultures and civilizations?

Archaeology

8

What is the term used to describe the study of humans as species rather than studying specific activities?

Anthropology

9

What is the term used to decribe people who study human societies that existed before recorded history?

Archaeologists

10

What is the term used to decribe people who study human evolution?

Paleoanthropologists

11

What is the term used to describe people who study ancient natural environments?

Paleoenvironmentalists

12

What is the term used to describe people who study old/ancient writings?

Paleographers

13

How many years ago were the Homo habilis (toolmakers) roaming the earth?

3.5-4 million years ago

14

How many years ago were the Homo Erectus (bipedal walkers) roaming earth?

1.5-1.8 million years ago

15

How many years ago were the Homo Sapiens roaming the earth?

200,000-100,000 years ago

16

How many years ago were the Homo Sapiens (modern humans) roaming the earth?

30,000 years ago

17

_________ is advancing our knowlege about the age, nature, and locales of humans.

Paleoanthropology

18

How many years does the uage of tools date back to?

70,000 years ago

19

The Paleolithic Age is more commonly known as what?

The Old Stone Age

20

During the Old Stone age people lived in groups of clans which roughly numbered to what?

40 people or fewer

21

This species fuorished along many parts of Europe until roughly 30,000 years ago?

Neanderthal Man

22

The Neanderthal Man died out along with the rise of the ________ and the end of the ___________.

Blank 1: Homo sapiens
Blank 2: Ice Age

23

During the Paleolithic Age humans changed in appearance. (examples include)
1. Walked more ______
2. Skull size and shape changed to encompass ____.
3. Less ______ bodies.
4. _______ arms
5. _______ improved.
6. ________ deteriorated.
7. _____ shifted which allowed ________

1. erect/upright
2. a larger brain
3. hairy
4.shorter
5.sight
6.smell
7.Laynx, speech

24

During the Paleolithic Age people lived in semi-perminant homes such as:

caves

25

How did the people of the Paleolithic age master their environment?

Clothing, fire, and tools

26

The Neolithic Age was also knoen as what?

The New Stone Age

27

What was the major accomplishment of the New Stone Age?

Agricultural Revolution and its effect on society

28

Describe the early changes in human societies during the New Stone Age:
1. population ________ in permanent settlements
2.Property and livestock became ________ owned
3. __________ Regulations
4. __________ of labor
5.______ public roles of women which included
6.______________
7.______________

1. expanded
2. privately
3. Systematized
4. Specialization
5. Enlarged
6. Matriarchy
7. Agricultural Responsibilities