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Flashcards in Chapt 3 Arn & Bogg Deck (39)
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1

The nursing process uses a method of systematic steps:

assessment before planning, planning before intervention, and evaluation.

2

What does think stand fo r

Total recall
habit
inquiry
new ideas
knowledge of self

3

What does the utilitarian/goal-based model say

actions should be made to achieve the highest level of wellfare for the majority

4

What does the duty baseed model say

the “rightness” of an action is determined by other factors in addition to its outcome

5

What does the human rights based model say

our actions need to be centered around the clients rights

6

What are the three ethical principles used for decision making

autonomy
beneficence
justice

7

What does autonomy state

you must provide clients with all the relevant and accurate information they need to make an “informed” decision on whether they agree to treatments.

8

What does beneficence state

Beneficence implies that a decision results in the greatest good or produces the least harm to the client.

9

What does justice state

it implies being fair

10

What are some example of scenarios that have justice dilemas

unnecessary treatment- are all treatments truly necessary
social worth- who gets the last melon, regardless of their history
Veracity- its not okay to lie, but if we have information that can cause emotional distress to a client, should it be withheld or avoided

11

What did nightinggale say are the five envirionmental factors she thought were improtant for recovering from illness

fressh air
pure water
efficient drainage
cleanliness
light

12

What general concepts did nightingale she say that are still a part of nursing today

ventilation
cleanliness-like washing hands
quiet
warmth
diet

13

What is peplau's theory about

the interpersonal relationship between the nurse and client

14

In peplau's theory how does the interpersonal relationship between nurse and client evolve?

orientation- nurse assists the client in understanding the problem and the extent of help they need
identification- the client assumes a posture of dependence, and the nurse focuses on ensuring the client that she/he understands the interpersonal meaning of the their situation
Exploitation- client takes full value from what the nurse offers and the client starts using available services based on self interest
Resolution- goals are met and new ones created

15

What is the message behind peplaus model

to help clients nurses assume many roles to fulfill clients needs and that these interpersonal relationships are therapeutic

16

What does Hendersons definiton of nursing build off of

nightingales def

17

Henderson conceptualized that

the nurses role as assisting sick or healthy by meeting 14 fundemental needs
Breathing normally
Diet
Eliminating body waste
Maintaining a desirable position
Sleeping
Suitable clothing
Maintaining normal body temp
Cleanliness
avoiding dangers
Communication with others
Worship
Working in a way to give a feeling of accomplishment
Playing
satisfying curiosity

18

What type of theory is peplaus and henderson

interactive theories

19

What does rogers theory of the unitary human being claim

humans are dynamic energy fields that interact with environmental energy fields

20

What are the characteristics of the unitary man

irreducible
manifest characteristics different from the sum of the parts
interacts continuously with the envirionment
behaves as a totality
participates creatively in change

21

Nurses that apply rogers theory of the unitary human being do what

focus on the persons wholeness
promotes symphonic interaction between the human and environment
matches the human field with the rhythmicities of the environment to promote maximum health

22

What is leiningers cultural care diversity and universality theory

caring is the essence of nursign and that the way caring is expressed is mostly culturally derived

23

leininger proposed what three models for assisting people of diverse cultures

cultural care preservation and maintenance
cultural care accommodation
cultural care restructuring and re-patterning

24

What model did leininger create to depict her theory

the sunrise model

25

What does the sunrise model state

health and care are influenced by elements of social structure like technology, religion, cultural values, educational factors, and social systems.

26

How does Roy define adaptation

the process and outcome where the person uses conscious awareness and choice to create human and environmental integration

27

Roys theory is considered what to the nursing profession

its infrastructure

28

What does Roys model focus on

The individual as an adaptive system, constantly reading inputs and outputs, that require modification to adapt

29

What do these steps help with

critical thinking

30

What is Roy's goal with her models

adaptation through her four adaptation models