Flashcards in Ch. 8 Absolute Monarchy in France Deck (34)
1619-1683. Mercantilist who served as Louis XIV's controller general of finances from 1662-1683.
Richelieu and the Huguenots
Defeated Huguenot uprising against him 1625-1627. Removed their right to hold fortified towns.
1627-1704, French Bishop that set forth Theory of Divine Right of Kings in his treatise, Politics Drawn From Holy Scripture, published about 1670.
Reign of King Louis XIII
1638-1683. The Spanish infanta Louis XIV married in 1660.
Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes
Reign of King Henry IV (of France)
Louis XIV fights the Dutch War
1672-1678. Louis invaded Holland. William of Orange opened the dikes. France gained the Franche-Comte.
The Treaty of the Pyrenees ends France's war with Spain
The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War
Louis XIV's personal rule begins following Mazarin's death
Ann of Austria
1601-1666. Louis XIV's mother and regent during his minority.
Louis XIV's policy of the king exercising administrative control over the church in France while recognizing the pope's authority over faith and morals.
1602-1661 Ruled France with Ann of Austria, Louis XIV's mother during the king's minority.
Reign of King Louis XIV
Jean-Baptiste Colbert becomes Louis XIV's chief minister
The Wars of Religion end; Henry of Navarre becomes King Henry IV (of France)
Henry IV issues the Edict of Nantes
Louis XIV fights the War of Devolution
1667-1668. French invasion of Spanish Netherlands and Franche-Comte. England, Holland and Sweden intervened to force Louis to withdraw.
The Duke of Sully
1560-1641. Finance minister for Henry IV
The Fronde threatens the power of the French monarchy
Eugene of Savoy
Result of War of Spanish Succession
Philip of Anjou recognized as King Philip V (r. 1700-1746) on condition that French/Spanish crowns remain separate.
Pope Innocent X
Louis XIV fights the War of the League of Augsburg
1688-1697. Also known as the Nine Years' War. Louis tried to gain territory along the Rhine. William III, now king of England led alliance against Louis who retained Alsace and Strasbourg.
1585-1642. Reduced the power of the French Nobility in favor of the monarch.
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough
1650-1722. Joined Hapsburg commander, Eugene of Savoy to defeat French at Blenheim in 1704 and other battles.
Cardinal Richelieu becomes Louis XIII's chief minister
King Charles II (of Spain)
r. 1665-1700, childless Hapsburgking of Spain. Left crown to Philip of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV. HRE Leopold challenged this, wanting crown for his son Charles. War of Spanish Succession followed.