Ch. 8 Absolute Monarchy in France Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 8 Absolute Monarchy in France Deck (34)
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1

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

1619-1683. Mercantilist who served as Louis XIV's controller general of finances from 1662-1683.

2

Richelieu and the Huguenots

Defeated Huguenot uprising against him 1625-1627. Removed their right to hold fortified towns.

3

Jacques Bossuet

1627-1704, French Bishop that set forth Theory of Divine Right of Kings in his treatise, Politics Drawn From Holy Scripture, published about 1670.

4

Reign of King Louis XIII

1610-1643

5

Marie Therese

1638-1683. The Spanish infanta Louis XIV married in 1660.

6

Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes

1685

7

Reign of King Henry IV (of France)

1589-1610

8

Louis XIV fights the Dutch War

1672-1678. Louis invaded Holland. William of Orange opened the dikes. France gained the Franche-Comte.

9

The Treaty of the Pyrenees ends France's war with Spain

1659

10

The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War

1648

11

Louis XIV's personal rule begins following Mazarin's death

1661

12

Ann of Austria

1601-1666. Louis XIV's mother and regent during his minority.

13

Gallicanism

Louis XIV's policy of the king exercising administrative control over the church in France while recognizing the pope's authority over faith and morals.

14

Cardinal Mazarin

1602-1661 Ruled France with Ann of Austria, Louis XIV's mother during the king's minority.

15

Reign of King Louis XIV

1643-1715

16

Jean-Baptiste Colbert becomes Louis XIV's chief minister

1662

17

The Wars of Religion end; Henry of Navarre becomes King Henry IV (of France)

1589

18

Henry IV issues the Edict of Nantes

1598

19

Louis XIV fights the War of Devolution

1667-1668. French invasion of Spanish Netherlands and Franche-Comte. England, Holland and Sweden intervened to force Louis to withdraw.

20

The Duke of Sully

1560-1641. Finance minister for Henry IV

21

The Fronde threatens the power of the French monarchy

1648-1653

22

Eugene of Savoy

1663-1736

23

Result of War of Spanish Succession

Philip of Anjou recognized as King Philip V (r. 1700-1746) on condition that French/Spanish crowns remain separate.

24

Pope Innocent X

r. 1644-1655

25

Louis XIV fights the War of the League of Augsburg

1688-1697. Also known as the Nine Years' War. Louis tried to gain territory along the Rhine. William III, now king of England led alliance against Louis who retained Alsace and Strasbourg.

26

Cardinal Richelieu

1585-1642. Reduced the power of the French Nobility in favor of the monarch.

27

John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough

1650-1722. Joined Hapsburg commander, Eugene of Savoy to defeat French at Blenheim in 1704 and other battles.

28

Cardinal Richelieu becomes Louis XIII's chief minister

1642

29

King Charles II (of Spain)

r. 1665-1700, childless Hapsburgking of Spain. Left crown to Philip of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV. HRE Leopold challenged this, wanting crown for his son Charles. War of Spanish Succession followed.

30

Louis XIV fights the War of the Spanish Succession

1701-1714