Flashcards in Ch. 7 The Struggle for Constitutional Government in England Deck (55)
Reign of King Charles II (of England)
Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford
Victory for the New Model Army in July 1644
The King's parliamentary opponents. Dominated London, southeastern England. Many were Puritans.
Parliament passes the Act of Settlement
1701 -- Excluded Catholics from English succession. After Anne's death, throne would pass to Sophia, Electress of Hanover and her heirs.
1609-1669 -- wife of King Charles I, sister of King Louis XIII. Catholic.
The restoration of the monarchy in England
Royalists in the English Civil War. controlled the more conservative North and West. Noble families and Gentry. Ardent Anglicans.
Reign of King George I (of England)
The Long Parliament convenes
Lasted only 3 weeks. Charles needed money to suppress Scottish revolt. Parliament demanded concessions. Charles disbanded it.
Reign of King George II (of England)
The King James Bible is published
Parliament adopted the Great Protestation
Reign of King James II (of England)
1649-1705 -- Fabricated the Popish plot in 1678.
Cromwell's replacement of the Rump parliament with a new one of 140 members. In late 1653, Cromwell dissolved it and became Lord Protector.
Charles II (of England)'s foreign policy
Fought wars against the Dutch, 1665-1667. Accepted subsidies from King Louis XIV of France and supported the French in their war with the Dutch from 1672-1674
Charles expanded this tax from coastal areas to whole of realm to avoid calling parliament for money.
Mary Queen of Scots
William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury
1573-1645 -- tried to enforce strict observance of Anglican doctrine, worship and church organization.
Outbreak of English Civil War
Summer of 1642
Charles I rules England without Parliament
Catherine of Braganza
1638-1705, Charles II (of England)'s Catholic wife.
"Pride's Purge" results in the creation of the Rump Parliament
The English Civil War begins
The Glorious Revolution brings William and Mary to the throne of England