Ch. 7 The Struggle for Constitutional Government in England Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 7 The Struggle for Constitutional Government in England Deck (55)
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1

Reign of King Charles II (of England)

1660-1685

2

Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford

1593-1641

3

Marston Moor

Victory for the New Model Army in July 1644

4

Roundheads

The King's parliamentary opponents. Dominated London, southeastern England. Many were Puritans.

5

Parliament passes the Act of Settlement

1701 -- Excluded Catholics from English succession. After Anne's death, throne would pass to Sophia, Electress of Hanover and her heirs.

6

Oliver Cromwell

1599-1658

7

Robert Walpole

1676-1745

8

Henrietta Maria

1609-1669 -- wife of King Charles I, sister of King Louis XIII. Catholic.

9

The restoration of the monarchy in England

1660

10

Cavaliers

Royalists in the English Civil War. controlled the more conservative North and West. Noble families and Gentry. Ardent Anglicans.

11

Reign of King George I (of England)

1714-1727

12

The Long Parliament convenes

1640

13

Short Parliament

Lasted only 3 weeks. Charles needed money to suppress Scottish revolt. Parliament demanded concessions. Charles disbanded it.

14

Reign of King George II (of England)

1727-1760

15

The King James Bible is published

1611

16

Parliament adopted the Great Protestation

1621

17

Reign of King James II (of England)

1685-1688

18

Titus Oates

1649-1705 -- Fabricated the Popish plot in 1678.

19

Barebone's Parliament

Cromwell's replacement of the Rump parliament with a new one of 140 members. In late 1653, Cromwell dissolved it and became Lord Protector.

20

Charles II (of England)'s foreign policy

Fought wars against the Dutch, 1665-1667. Accepted subsidies from King Louis XIV of France and supported the French in their war with the Dutch from 1672-1674

21

Ship Money

Charles expanded this tax from coastal areas to whole of realm to avoid calling parliament for money.

22

Mary Queen of Scots

1542-1587

23

William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury

1573-1645 -- tried to enforce strict observance of Anglican doctrine, worship and church organization.

24

Outbreak of English Civil War

Summer of 1642

25

Charles I rules England without Parliament

1629-1640

26

Catherine of Braganza

1638-1705, Charles II (of England)'s Catholic wife.

27

"Pride's Purge" results in the creation of the Rump Parliament

1648

28

The English Civil War begins

1642

29

The Glorious Revolution brings William and Mary to the throne of England

1688

30

Parliament passes the Clarendon Code

1661-1665 -- reestablished the Church of England, placed restrictions on Roman Catholics and non-Anglican Protestants.