Ch 7 - Race and Ethnicity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 7 - Race and Ethnicity Deck (18)
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1

prejudice

an attitude that judges a person on his or her group's real or imagined characteristics

2

discrimination

unfair treatment of people because of their group membership

3

race

a social construct used to distinguish people in terms of one or more physical markers, usually with profound effects on their lives

4

scapegoat

a disadvantaged person or category of people whom others blame for their own problems

5

ethnic group

comprises people whose perceived cultural markers are deemed sociall significant. ethnic groups differ from one another in terms of language, religion, customs, values, ancestors, and the like

6

vertical mosaic

a highly ethnically and racially stratified society

7

symbolic ethnicity

a nostalgic allegiance to the culture of the immigrant generation, or that of the old country that is not usually incorporated into everyday behaviour

8

racism

the belief that a visible characteristic of a group, such as skin colour, indicates group inferiority and justifies discrimination

9

institutional racism

bias that is inherent in social institutions and is often not noticed by members of the majority group

10

colonialism

involves people from one country invading and taking political, cultural, and economic control over people from another country

11

internal colonialism

involves one race or ethnic group subjugating another in the same country. it prevents assimilation by segregating the subordinate group in terms of jobs, housing, and social contacts

12

expulsion

the forcible removal of a population from a territory claimed by another population

13

genocide

the intentional extermination of an entire population defined as a race or a people

14

conquest

the forcible capture of land and the economic and political domination of its inhabitants

15

slavery

the ownership and control of people

16

split labour market

exists where low wage workers of one race (i.e. chinese) and high wage workers of another race (i.e. white) compete for the same jobs. in that situation, high wage workers are likely to resent the presence of low wage competitors. conflict is bound to result and racist attitudes to develop or become reinforced .(i.e. CPR, when asians flooded canada and were willing to work for poor, higher up whites resented them and developed terms such as orientals, etc.)

17

transnational communities

communities whose boundaries extend between or among countries

18

pluralism

the retention of racial and ethnic culture combined with equal access to basic social resources