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Flashcards in Ch. 7 Ladder Company Ops Deck (49)
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1

Having a plan does many things (Ladder Company Ops): (3)

1. Formalizes THINKING (consider in advance what must be done)
2. Assigns degree of PRIORITY to each element
3. Establishes ACCOUNTABILITY for one's actions (who does what)

2

LOVERS U stands for:

Laddering
Overhaul
Vent
Entry (forcible)
Rescue and search
Salvage

Utilities

3

Operational plan is general but should provide these specifics: (Ladder Ops) (3)

1. Number of PEOPLE committed to major areas
2. TOOLS to be provided to major areas
3. General SCOPE of duties

4

3 basic tools at almost all structural fires:

Forcible entry bar (halligan)
Flat head
Hook or pole

5

Chauffeur operates on perimeter as long as he maintains contact with: (3)

IC
Engine chauffeur
Another firefighter

6

Factors for member operating alone:(3)

1. Experience level
2. Availability of radios
3. Mutual understanding of needs of each task (highly desirable)

7

Following factors affect selection and placement of portable ladders: (5)

Reach.
Weight.
Nested/stored length.
Material of construction.
Number of personnel required to place.

8

Rules for aerial ladder to roof (2)

*placed As Square to Building As Possible
AT LEAST 5 rungs above level of roof
Ladder "inch or two" from building

9

Platform (basket) to roof (4)

*member in basket can place it in best location
No parapet = resting on roof
Moderate height parapet (3-6 ft) = top rail just SLIGHTLY above top of parapet
High parapet (more than 6 feet) = relocate
- if not possible, access directly from bucket
- attic ladder from top sliding section of boom

10

(Platform) Basket to window (4)

Close to bldg as possible, basket in line with window
Front corner of basket at window
Top rail level with window sill
Forget about gates

11

Aerial ladder to window (2)

Turntable in line with window/objective - Perpendicular
Tip just BELOW the window sill

12

Aerial ladder at angle to roof dangers

Torsional load and shock load

13

Scrub area determines:

Width and height apparatus may be expected to cover for:
access, egress, platforms, application of streams

14

Aerial ladders and telescoping booms have _________ than articulating booms

Greater scrub areas

15

Perfect distance for maximum scrub area depends on: (2)

Length of device.
Number of telescoping sections

16

Articulating booms scrub area and spotting distances determined by:

Length of bed section

17

Guidelines for apparatus positioning for all aerial devices:

Positioned for max benefit of device, common to see aerials blocked by engines.
Spot apparatus with fire's anticipated progress in mind.

In absence of specific requirements, Position apparatus 15 ft past corner you approached FIRST.

18

Aerial Safety Rules (2)

Keep all aerial devices 10 ft or more from overhead power lines.
Never extend/retract telescoping, aerial, ladder tower or tower ladder while person is climbing-if people exposed, rotate turntable or raising/lowering should provide relief.

19

No outward signs of fire and lacking a TIC: (what sense?)

Touch-Tricky, requiring caution and experience

20

Least used sense

Smell

-After ventilation, this sense can be useful in distinguishing between steam and smoldering ember.

21

Residential and commercial floor height

9 ft, 12 ft

22

Window sill height and window height

3 ft, 4 ft

23

Parapet heights and platform alignment

No parapet - resting on roof.

Moderate height parapet (3-6 ft) - top rail slightly above top of parapet.

High parapet (>6 ft) - relocate platform OR attic ladder to top sliding section of the boom

24

Of all the factors affecting ladder selection, whether purchasing or use, the single MOST important item must be its ______.

Length

25

NFPA requirement for ground ladders (height)

168 ft

26

Area of highest life hazard, REGARDLESS of time of day:

Bedroom.
*odds very high*

27

Victims found in bedroom the great majority of the time

Young children in cribs
Temporarily disabled
Older bedridden people

28

This person is responsible for working the front of the building
VES the front second floor bedrooms from the exterior.
Assigned a hook and a halligan

Roof person

29

3 basic tools required at almost all structure fires

Halligan
Flat head axe
Hook or pole

30

Proper placement and use of portable ladder in early stages of fire (3)

Prevent loss of life.
Cut off fire extension.
Make FFs task easier.