Flashcards in Ch. 6.4 Nation Building in Latin America Deck (16)
descendant of Europeans born in Latin America and lived there permanently. influenced by revolutionary ideals. resented peninsulares
Spanish and Portuguese official who resided temporarily in Latin America for political/economic gain. dominate Latin America
person of European and Native American descent
1823: Pres. Monroe's proclamation to not consider the American continents as subjects for colonization. bold act.
strong leader who gained control after independence. rule by military force. some built roads, etc. others destructive
"These Europeans DOMINATED Latin America and drained the Americas of their wealth."
"The EMPHASIS on exporting raw materials and importing finished products ensured the ongoing domination of the Latin American economy by foreigners."
""Nevertheless, after 1900, the middle sectors of society continued to EXPAND."
(p) Jose de San Martin
from Argentina. creole elite. "Liberators of South America". believe all Spaniards must be removed from S. America. freed many S. American states
(p) Simon Bolivar
from Venezuela. creole elite. "Liberators of South America". freed many S. American states along with San Martin
(p) Antonio Lopez Santa Anna
in power in Mexico between 1833-1855. misused state funds, halted reforms, created chaos.
(p) Benito Juarez
dominate era of reform (1855-1876). help Mexico's poor citizens. national hero from poor background
(pl) Puerto Rico
annexed to U.S. 1898. result of Spanish-American War
(pl) Panama Canal
U.S. built. opened 1914.
U.S. Marines remained here from 1915 to 1934