Ch. 6.4 Nation Building in Latin America Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 6.4 Nation Building in Latin America Deck (16)
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1

creole

descendant of Europeans born in Latin America and lived there permanently. influenced by revolutionary ideals. resented peninsulares

2

peninsulare

Spanish and Portuguese official who resided temporarily in Latin America for political/economic gain. dominate Latin America

3

mestizo

person of European and Native American descent

4

Monroe Doctrine

1823: Pres. Monroe's proclamation to not consider the American continents as subjects for colonization. bold act.

5

caudillo

strong leader who gained control after independence. rule by military force. some built roads, etc. others destructive

6

(a) dominate

"These Europeans DOMINATED Latin America and drained the Americas of their wealth."

7

(a) emphasis

"The EMPHASIS on exporting raw materials and importing finished products ensured the ongoing domination of the Latin American economy by foreigners."

8

(a) expand

""Nevertheless, after 1900, the middle sectors of society continued to EXPAND."

9

(p) Jose de San Martin

from Argentina. creole elite. "Liberators of South America". believe all Spaniards must be removed from S. America. freed many S. American states

10

(p) Simon Bolivar

from Venezuela. creole elite. "Liberators of South America". freed many S. American states along with San Martin

11

(p) Antonio Lopez Santa Anna

in power in Mexico between 1833-1855. misused state funds, halted reforms, created chaos.

12

(p) Benito Juarez

dominate era of reform (1855-1876). help Mexico's poor citizens. national hero from poor background

13

(pl) Puerto Rico

annexed to U.S. 1898. result of Spanish-American War

14

(pl) Panama Canal

U.S. built. opened 1914.

15

(pl) Haiti

U.S. Marines remained here from 1915 to 1934

16

(pl) Nicaragua

U.S. occupied here from 1912 to 1933