Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology Deck (255)
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Name the External Temporal Artery:

* Supplies blood to the skin and masseter.

Transverse Facial Artery


Name the External Temporal Artery:

* Supplies blood to the temples.

Middle Temporal Artery


Name the External Temporal Artery:

* Supplies blood to the front part of the ear.

Anterior Auricular Artery


Name the External Artery:

* Supplies blood to the skin and muscles of the scalp and back of the head up to the crown.

Occipital Artery


Name the External Artery:

* Supplies the scalp, the area behind and above the ear, and the skin behind the ear.

Posterior Auricular Artery


Name the Internal Artery:

* Supplies blood to the upper eyelids and forehead.

Supraorbital Artery


Name the Internal Artery:

* Supplies blood to the muscles of the eye.

Infraorbital Artery


What is the Lymphatic/Immune System made up of?

* Lymph
* Lymph nodes
* Thymus gland
* Spleen
* Lymph Vessels


Define: Lymph

A colorless, watery fluid derived from blood plasma as a result of filtration through the capillary walls into the tissue space.


What is Interstitial fluid?

Blood plasma found in the spaces between tissue cells.


What are Lymphatic vessels that occur in clusters and are distributed throughout most of the body?

Lymph Capillaries


What are Lymph Nodes?

Gland-like structures found inside the vessels.


What are the 3 primary functions of the Lymphatic System?

* To act as a defense against invading bacteria and toxins.

* To remove waste material from the body cells to the blood.

* To aid in reducing swelling, inflammation, and accumulations in the blood vessels.


What is the Endocrine System?

A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, development, sexual activities, and health of the entire body.


What are Glands?

Specialized organs that remove certain elements from the blood to convert them into new compounds.


These glands produce a substance that travels through small, tube-like ducts. Sweat and Oil glands of the skin belong to this group.

Exocrine Glands
(Duct Glands)


These glands release secretions called hormones directly into the bloodstream.

Endocrine Glands
(Ductless Glands)


What are Hormones?

Secretions produced by one of the Endocrine Glands and carried by the bloodstream or body fluid to another part of the body, or a body organ, to stimulate functional activity or secretion such as insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen.


Name the Gland:

* Plays a major role in sexual development, sleep, and metabolism.

Pineal Gland


Name the Gland:

* It affects almost every physiologic process of the body: growth, blood pressure, contractions during childbirth, breast-milk production, sexual organ functions, thyroid gland function, and the conversion of food to energy.

Pituitary Gland


What is the most complex organ of the Endocrine System?

Pituitary Gland


Name the Gland:

* Controls how quickly the body burns energy (metabolism), makes proteins, and how sensitive the body should be to other hormones.

Thyroid Gland


Name the Gland:

* Regulates blood calcium and phosphorus levels so that the nervous and muscular systems can function properly.

Parathyroid Gland


Name the Gland:

* Secretes enzyme-producing cells that are responsible for digesting carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.



Name the Gland:

* Secretes about 30 steroid hormones and control metabolic process of the body, including the flight-or-flight response.

Adrenal Glands


Name the Gland:

* Function in sexual reproduction as well as determining male and female sexual characteristics.

Ovaries / Testes


What is the Digestive System?

The system responsible for changing food into nutrients and waste.


What are Digestive Enzymes?

Chemicals that change certain kinds of food into a form that can be used by the body.


The Digestive System prepares food for use through what 5 basic activities?

* Ingestion
* Peristalsis
* Digestion
* Absorption
* Defecation


Define: Ingestion

Eating, or taking food into the body.