Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology Flashcards Preview

Esthetics > Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology Deck (255)
Loading flashcards...
31

I purify the body by elimination of waste matter; I consist of kidneys, liver, skin, intestines, and lungs.

Which body system am I?

Excretory System

32

I enable breathing, supply the body with oxygen, and eliminate carbon dioxide as a waste product; I consist of lungs and air passages.

Which body system am I?

Respiratory System

33

I serve as a protective covering for the body and help in temperature regulation; I consist of skin, accessory organs such as oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair, and nails.

Which body system am I?

Integumentary System

34

I perform the function of reproducing and perpetuating the human race.

Which body system am I?

Reproductive System

35

The study of the anatomy, structure, and functions of the bones.

Osteology

36

How many bones is the human skeleton comprised of?

206

37

The body has how many movable and semi-movable joints?

Over 230

38

What is a Joint?

The connection between two or more bones of the skeleton.

39

The human head has how many bones?
The face consists of how many?

22 and 14

40

An oval, bony case that protects the brain.

Cranium

41

What are the bones of the Cranium?

* Occipital Bone
* Parietal Bones
* Frontal Bone
* Temporal Bones
* Ethmoid Bone
* Sphenoid Bone

42

Name the Cranial Bone:

* The hindmost bone of the skull; forms the back of the skull above the nape.

Occipital Bone

43

Name the Cranial Bone:

* Forms the sides and crown (top) of the cranium.

Parietal Bone

44

Name the Cranial Bone:

* Forms the forehead

Frontal Bone

45

Name the Cranial Bone:

* Form the sides of the head in the ear region.

Temporal Bone

46

Name the Cranial Bone:

* The light, spongy bone between the eye sockets that form part of the nasal cavities.

Ethmoid Bone

47

Name the Cranial Bone:

* Joins all the bones of the cranium together.

Sphenoid Bone

48

Structures composed of specialized tissues designed to perform specific functions in plants and animals.

Organs

49

What are the bones of the face?

* Nasal bones
* Lacrimal bones
* Zygomatic bones
* Maxillary bones
* Mandible
* Turbinal bones
* Vomer bone
* Palatine bones

50

Name the Facial Bone:

* Form the bridge of the nose.

Nasal bones

51

Name the Facial Bone:

* The smallest and most fragile bones of the face, are situated at the front inside part of the sys sockets.

Lacrimal Bones

52

Name the Facial Bone:

* a.k.a. malar or cheekbones.

Zygomatic Bones

53

Name the Facial Bone:

* Form the upper jaw.

Maxillary Bones

54

Name the Facial Bone:

* Forms the lower jawbone, the largest and strongest bone of the face.

Mandible

55

Name the Facial Bone:

* Two thin layers of spongy bone on either of the outer walls of the nasal depression.

Turbinal Bones

56

Name the Facial Bone:

* A flat, thin bone that forms part of the nasal septum.

Vomer Bone

57

Name the Facial Bone:

* Form the hard palate on the roof of mouth.

Palatine Bones

58

What is the smallest most fragile bone of the face?

Lacrimal Bone (front inside part of the eye socket)

59

What is the largest and strongest bone of the face?

Mandible (lower jawbone)

60

What are the 2 bones of the Neck?
Describe them.

* Hyoid bone: a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue and its muscles.
* Cervical Vertebrae: the seven bones of the top part of the vertebral column; located in the neck region.