Ch. 5.4 Toward the Modern Conciousness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5.4 Toward the Modern Conciousness Deck (15)
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1

psychoanalysis

developed by Sigmund Freud. method by which a therapist and patient can probe into patient's memory to heal the unconscious mind

2

Social Darwinism

theory used to justify dominance of Western nations in late 19th century. strongest and fittest races survived. extreme nationalism

3

pogrom

organized massacres (of the Jews---Anti-Semitism)

4

modernism

changes that writers and artists have produced against traditional styles dating back to the Renaissance

5

(a) discrimination

"Anti-Semitism, or hostility toward and DISCRIMINATION against Jews, was not new to Europe."

6

(a) annually

"Although about 3,000 Jews went ANNUALLY to Palestine between 1904 and 1914, the Zionist desire for a homeland in Palestine remained only a dream on the eve of World War I."

7

(a) reinforce

"Louis H. Sullivan led the Chicago school of the 1890s, which designed skyscrapers of REINFORCED concrete and steel free of external decoration."

8

(p) Marie Curie

French scientist. discover radium gave off energy (radiation) that came from atom.

9

(p) Albert Einstein

German-born. Switz. citizen. genius. 1905: special theory of relativity (space and time relative to observer). matter=another form of energy.

10

(p) Sigmund Freud

from Vienna. study human mind. {The Interpretation of Dreams} human behavior determined by past experiences+unconscious. develop psychoanalysis method.

11

(p) Claude Monet

Impressionist. capture light, water, and sky

12

(p) Pablo Picasso

Spaniard. new style---cubism (using geometric designs to re-create reality). try to capture human form from many sides.

13

(p) Frank Lloyd Wright

Sullivan's pupil. specialized in building homes with geometric lines and overhanging roofs. model for American home.

14

(pl) Vienna

capital of Austria

15

(pl) France

European country. Impressionism began here in 1870s.