Flashcards in Ch. 3.1 The French Revolution Begins Deck (14)
status groups (in France there were three: 1st Estate-clergy, 2nd Estate-nobles, 3rd Estate-bourgeoisie+peasants)
chief tax. paid all by 3rd Estate
middle class. made of merchants, bankers, manufacturers, professionals (lawyers, public officials...)
members of Paris Commune. ordinary patriots without fine clothes. means "without breeches"
"In the 1700s, the price of CONSUMER goods rose much faster than wages."
"One woman writer, Olympe de Gouges, refused to accept this EXCLUSION of women from political rights."
(p) Louis XVI
French absolute monarch. disliked by bourgeoisie and nobles.
(p) Tennis Court Oath
3rd Estate makes an oath swearing to continue to meet until a new constitution is created
(p) Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
adopted Aug. 26, 1789 by National Assembly. proclaim all men's freedom and equality, etc.
(p) Olympe de Gouges
woman writer. feminist. created Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen.
meeting of Estates-General took place here on May 1789
city with the Bastille (prison and armory). July 14, 1789 angry workers stormed the Bastille
threaten to use force to restore Louis XVI to power