Ch. 3.1 The French Revolution Begins Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 3.1 The French Revolution Begins Deck (14)
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1

estate

status groups (in France there were three: 1st Estate-clergy, 2nd Estate-nobles, 3rd Estate-bourgeoisie+peasants)

2

taille

chief tax. paid all by 3rd Estate

3

bourgeoisie

middle class. made of merchants, bankers, manufacturers, professionals (lawyers, public officials...)

4

sans-culottes

members of Paris Commune. ordinary patriots without fine clothes. means "without breeches"

5

(a) consumer

"In the 1700s, the price of CONSUMER goods rose much faster than wages."

6

(a) exclusion

"One woman writer, Olympe de Gouges, refused to accept this EXCLUSION of women from political rights."

7

(p) Louis XVI

French absolute monarch. disliked by bourgeoisie and nobles.

8

(p) Tennis Court Oath

3rd Estate makes an oath swearing to continue to meet until a new constitution is created

9

(p) Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

adopted Aug. 26, 1789 by National Assembly. proclaim all men's freedom and equality, etc.

10

(p) Olympe de Gouges

woman writer. feminist. created Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen.

11

(pl) Versailles

meeting of Estates-General took place here on May 1789

12

(pl) Paris

city with the Bastille (prison and armory). July 14, 1789 angry workers stormed the Bastille

13

(pl) Austria

threaten to use force to restore Louis XVI to power

14

(pl) Prussia

threaten to use force to restore Louis XVI to power