Ch 3 - Directional & Anatomical Orientations Flashcards Preview

OTA 102 - Ch 3 Body Organization > Ch 3 - Directional & Anatomical Orientations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 3 - Directional & Anatomical Orientations Deck (36)
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1

Abduction

Movement toward the side, AWAY from the body

2

Anterior, anter/o

Toward or near the front; ventral

3

Base

The lower or supporting part of any structure

4

Bilateral

Both sides

5

Contralateral

The opposite side

6

Deep

Further into the body

7

Eversion

Movement of the ankle causing the bottom of the foot to face toward the side or laterally

8

Flexion

Movement toward the front or anterior (exception at the knee joint)

9

Horizontal adduction

Movement of the arm toward the midline, or anterior, when at shoulder level

10

Adduction

Movement toward the side, TOWARD the body

11

Posterior, poster/o

Toward or near the back; dorsal

12

Apex

The pointed tip of a conical structure

13

Unilateral

One side

14

Ipsilateral

The same side

15

Superficial

Nearer to the surface of the body

16

Inversion

Movement of the ankle causing the bottom of the foot to face toward the midline or medially

17

Extension

Movement toward the back or posterior (exception at the knee joint)

18

Horizontal abduction

Movement of the arm away from midline, or posterior, when at shoulder level

19

Medial, medi/o

Toward the midline; nearer to the middle

20

Medial rotation

Rotation movement of the shoulder or hip toward the midline; internal rotation

21

Pronation

Rotation movement of the forearm to palm down; palm facing posterior

22

Protraction

Movement of the scapula away from the spinal column; scapular abduction

23

Proximal; proxim/o

Nearer to the axial body

24

Radial deviation

Movement of the wrist toward the radius or away from the body; wrist abduction

25

Superior, super/o

Toward or nearer to the head; cranial

26

Supine

Lying horizontally facing upward

27

Ventral, ventr/o

Front; anterior

28

Lateral, later/o

Away from the midline; toward the side

29

Lateral rotation

Rotation movement of the shoulder or hip away from the midline; external rotation

30

Supination

Rotation movement of the forearm to palm up; palm facing anterior