Ch. 22 Terrorism and Homeland Security Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 22 Terrorism and Homeland Security Deck (112)
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1

Secondary devices:

-Placed around perimeter
-aimed at COMMAND POST personnel

2

WMD's:

-chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosive (CBRNE weapons) by terrorists
-may not leave any visible evidence of their presence
-yet kill anyone who comes in contact

3

6 types of incidents for suspicion and extra awareness

Recognizable LANDMARK or bldg
Response to CROWDED public location
REPORTS of persons OVERCOME by fumes or chemical odor
TWO or more people unconscious
Any bldg where EXPLOSION has occurred
Response where threat or other intelligence indicates a MOTIVE

4

Biological weapons: death rate after exposure to SOME of these agents is:

Nearly 100%

5

Bacteria agents

-anthrax
-bubonic plague
-tularemia
-brucellosis

6

Toxins

-botulism
-ricin
-staph enterotoxin B (SEB)

7

Dirty bomb: while it leaves no visible of contamination, ______ with debris, particularly through ________, is deadly.

Contact
Inhalation

8

Threat of explosion of multimegaton nuclear bomb as ________. Formulation of such devices is _______ to accomplish.

Unlikely event
Extremely difficult

9

______________ are still terrorists main weapon of choice. Terrorists tend to deal with methods they are _________________.

High-order explosives

Reasonably certain will succeed

10

Terrorists don't like to risk ______ or ______

Failure
Detection

11

Fire department is only government agency that:

Routinely conducts inspections of existing structures

12

Effect of terrorist blast has potential to cause __________ than same size explosion caused by natural gas or other accidental causes.

Far greater harm to rescuers

13

At any explosion, immediate priorities are _____ and _____ that threatens further loss of life.

Lifesaving
Control of imminent hazards such as fire or secondary collapse

14

Laboratory equipment

-beakers/other glass ware
-ice baths
-Petri dishes
-distillation equipment

15

Factors that put our cities in the terrorist bullseye

-large concentration of people
-immediate, worldwide media coverage likely
-large diverse community for the terrorist to blend into anonymity

15

Bombings-
In conjunction with these rescue-related activities, a _____________________ is vital, since a bombing creates additional problems for responders who are not present at accidental explosions.

Rapid preliminary examination for the likely cause of the event

16

Bombing creates additional problems for responders

Threat of secondary device
Potential for WMD involvement
Crime scene considerations

17

One of most important tasks undertaken at bombing is to _______ as well as ______________.

Disperse crowds
Avoid concentrations of responders that might be target of secondary/suicide attacker

18

Most bombings are _______ bombs. Consist of a relatively _______ amount of _______ wrapped in ____________.

Antipersonnel
Small
explosives
Large amounts of shrapnel

19

Antipersonnel bombings: _____ and ______ cause most of injuries.

Shrapnel.
Flying glass

20

_____ are vulnerable and ______ can be augmented to cause fire with ___________

Vehicle fuel tanks
Bombs
Propane cylinders

21

This type of bombing is a serious threat for loss of life.

Bus and other mass transit facilities

22

If bomber can penetrate into a crowded, enclosed area, casualties can be _______ but even in ______ there are often survivors.

Very high.
Severe bombings

23

Extrication need for bus bombings and trains
(MCIs for trauma/burns)

-Bus bombings - not normally required OR is not difficult
-Train - advanced extrication will likely be required if blast results in derailment (lead car, speeding train, tunnel-greater effect)

24

Request _____ to establish safe corridor for the entry of rescuers.

Bomb squad or EMERGENCY ordnance disposal (not "explosive")
(Law enforcement = "safe corridor")
Fire IC MUST request site security from law enforcement

25

While responding, watch for ________ for causes and the nature of the event.

Clues in the debris

26

Primary consideration when positioning apparatus (especially if it has been confirmed event is in fact a bombing)

Position apparatus so that they can be driven forward out of any DANGER AREA that develops
-blocked in by civilian cars, seek shelter

27

First unit to _____________ must notify the department wide command structure

Identify an explosion as a likely bomb attack

28

Bombing-Position apparatus according to:

Collapse rescue plan

29

_____ should be positioned for RESCUE as needed. If not needed, position them ________.

__________ should be specially called as needed to COVER collapse areas but must be located _____.

Aerial ladders, out of the way

Elevating platforms, out of secondary collapse zone