Flashcards in Ch. 22 Terrorism and Homeland Security Deck (112)
-Placed around perimeter
-aimed at COMMAND POST personnel
-chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosive (CBRNE weapons) by terrorists
-may not leave any visible evidence of their presence
-yet kill anyone who comes in contact
6 types of incidents for suspicion and extra awareness
Recognizable LANDMARK or bldg
Response to CROWDED public location
REPORTS of persons OVERCOME by fumes or chemical odor
TWO or more people unconscious
Any bldg where EXPLOSION has occurred
Response where threat or other intelligence indicates a MOTIVE
Biological weapons: death rate after exposure to SOME of these agents is:
-staph enterotoxin B (SEB)
Dirty bomb: while it leaves no visible of contamination, ______ with debris, particularly through ________, is deadly.
Threat of explosion of multimegaton nuclear bomb as ________. Formulation of such devices is _______ to accomplish.
______________ are still terrorists main weapon of choice. Terrorists tend to deal with methods they are _________________.
Reasonably certain will succeed
Terrorists don't like to risk ______ or ______
Fire department is only government agency that:
Routinely conducts inspections of existing structures
Effect of terrorist blast has potential to cause __________ than same size explosion caused by natural gas or other accidental causes.
Far greater harm to rescuers
At any explosion, immediate priorities are _____ and _____ that threatens further loss of life.
Control of imminent hazards such as fire or secondary collapse
-beakers/other glass ware
Factors that put our cities in the terrorist bullseye
-large concentration of people
-immediate, worldwide media coverage likely
-large diverse community for the terrorist to blend into anonymity
In conjunction with these rescue-related activities, a _____________________ is vital, since a bombing creates additional problems for responders who are not present at accidental explosions.
Rapid preliminary examination for the likely cause of the event
Bombing creates additional problems for responders
Threat of secondary device
Potential for WMD involvement
Crime scene considerations
One of most important tasks undertaken at bombing is to _______ as well as ______________.
Avoid concentrations of responders that might be target of secondary/suicide attacker
Most bombings are _______ bombs. Consist of a relatively _______ amount of _______ wrapped in ____________.
Large amounts of shrapnel
Antipersonnel bombings: _____ and ______ cause most of injuries.
_____ are vulnerable and ______ can be augmented to cause fire with ___________
Vehicle fuel tanks
This type of bombing is a serious threat for loss of life.
Bus and other mass transit facilities
If bomber can penetrate into a crowded, enclosed area, casualties can be _______ but even in ______ there are often survivors.
Extrication need for bus bombings and trains
(MCIs for trauma/burns)
-Bus bombings - not normally required OR is not difficult
-Train - advanced extrication will likely be required if blast results in derailment (lead car, speeding train, tunnel-greater effect)
Request _____ to establish safe corridor for the entry of rescuers.
Bomb squad or EMERGENCY ordnance disposal (not "explosive")
(Law enforcement = "safe corridor")
Fire IC MUST request site security from law enforcement
While responding, watch for ________ for causes and the nature of the event.
Clues in the debris
Primary consideration when positioning apparatus (especially if it has been confirmed event is in fact a bombing)
Position apparatus so that they can be driven forward out of any DANGER AREA that develops
-blocked in by civilian cars, seek shelter
First unit to _____________ must notify the department wide command structure
Identify an explosion as a likely bomb attack
Bombing-Position apparatus according to:
Collapse rescue plan