Ch 2 - Introducing The Old Testament Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 2 - Introducing The Old Testament Deck (59)
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1

Tobit (apocrypha)

Relates the title character's devotion to the Torah and Jewish customs in Nineveh during Israel's captivity there. 200 BC

2

Judith (apocrypha)

Relates the wiles of a dog her Israel as she single-handedly rallies her people to victory over the Assyrians after slaying the Assyrian general Holofernes. 150 BC

3

Additions to Esther (apocrypha)

These additions make Esther a more pointedly religious book and temper its apparent lack of theology by mentioning God. From the Greek 160 BC.

4

1 Maccabees (apocrypha)

Tells the history of the Jewish revolt against the Seleucid kings of Syria and struggle against sorption of Jews into the Hellenistic world. Hebrew 100 BC, Greek survives.

5

2 Maccabees (apocrypha)

Overlapping 1 Maccabees 1 through 7, relates selected incidents from this period to illustrate the heroism of the Jews and the protection they receive from God. Greek 124 BC

6

Wisdom of Solomon
(apocrypha)

The first for the book is devoted to encouraging Jews in Egypt to remain faithful in a culture that encourages pagan worship. The second part of the book purports to be Solomon speaking in praise of wisdom. Greek 50 BC.

7

Sirach (apocrypha)

Ben Sira or Ecclesiasticus, The wisdom of Jesus Ben Sira. It is mostly pithy sayings about worldly wisdom, commonsense, and good behavior. Hebrew 190 BC translated to Greek 132 BC.

8

Baruch & the Letter of Jeremiah (apocrypha)

Contains four documents telling about Jewish devotion to God's law and their messianic hopes in the Babylonian exile. Probably first cent. BC. However chapter 6 was written up to one century earlier.

9

Daniel 3 addition
Prayer of Azariah
(apocrypha)

The prayer is purported to be by one of the three young Jews condemned to be cast into a furnace my Nebuchadnezzar. Greek second century BC.

10

Daniel 3 addition
Song of the 3 Young Men
(apocrypha)

This song was supposedly sung in praise to God by the three men in the furnace. Has been used in worship in Roman Catholic, Episcopalian, and Lutheran Churches. Greek 2nd Cent BC.

11

Daniel addition
Suzanna
(apocrypha)

Typically Daniel 13, this short story tells of how Daniel is a boy in the Babylonian captivity rescued Suzanna, Who was condemned to death. Greek Second century BC.

12

Daniel Addition
Bel & the Dragon
(apocrypha)

Included as Daniel 14, a brief account of Daniel's wisdom proving the Babylonian God Bel is a fraud and the dragon worshipped by the Babylonians is a false God by destroying it. Greek second century BC.

13

Ammon

The ancient people descended from Abraham's nephew a Lot. They inhabited the Transjordan plateau to northeast of the Dead Sea. Also the name of the region inhabited by these people.

14

Apocrypha

Books often grouped with the canonical books of the Bible by protestants but not considered part of scripture. They are accepted as part of the Canon by RC and EO.

15

Arabah

The area south of the Dead Sea extending southward to the Gulf of Aqaba

16

Bashan

Region east and northeast of the Sea of Galilee.

17

Bronze Age

Period of time in the ancient near East when bronze was the metal of choice for making most tools.

18

Canaan

Son of Ham and grandson of Noah; also another name for Palestine, the region consisting in recent times of Israel and the western part of Jordan.

19

Covenant

Mutually binding set of promises.

20

Dead Sea

Body of salt water at the southern end of the rift valley in Palestine, fed by the Jordan River.

21

Deuterocanonical

Adjective meaning "second canon" used to describe books considered part of the Old Testament canon by RC & EO, but considered part of the apocrypha by protestants.

22

Edom

An ancient people descended from Abrahams son Esau. They inhabited the Transjordan plateau south and southeast of the dead sea. Also, the region inhabited by these people or another name for Esau.

23

Egypt

Country in the extreme north east corner of Africa. In ancient times, Egypt was mainly a narrow strip of land on both sides of the Nile river.

24

Essenes

Very small ancient Jewish sect that arose in the two centuries before Christ. They refused to sacrifice in the temple in Jerusalem, since they consider the Jewish priesthood and his rights to be corrupt in their day.

25

Gallilee

Region in the northern central hills of Palestine west and northwest of the city of Galilee.

26

Gilead

A region in the Transjordan plateau south of the Yarmuk river and north of the dead sea, bisected by that Arnon river.

27

Hasmonean

Adjective derived from the name Hasmon, an ancestor of Jewish priestly family, used to describe the family of the Maccabees and their successors.

28

Hellenization

The spread of Greek culture and language through the ancient near East in the centuries following the conquests by Alexander the great.

29

Iron Age

Period of time in the ancient near East when iron became the metal of choice for making most tools. There was a period of overlap between the Bronze Age and the iron age (Th Philistines worked with iron before Israel did).

30

Jordan River

The main river in Palestine. It flows from north to south beginning from its source in the extreme north of the rift valley and ending at the Dead Sea.