Ch 2 (analyzing incidents) Flashcards Preview

HAZMAT 1-5, 7, 8, 10,12,13,15 > Ch 2 (analyzing incidents) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 2 (analyzing incidents) Deck (81)
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1

7 clues to precedes of a HAZMAT

1. Occupancy type / location
2. Container shape
3. Placards, labels and markings
4. Other markings or colors
5. Written resources
6. Senses
7. Detection / monitoring devices

2

If a HAZMAT gets into waterway, what does it become and what are its difficulties

When hazmat is in water ways it becomes a moving incident making it harder to contain, confine, and mitigate

3

To be bulk packaging, what criteria must be met?

-Max capacity is greater than 119 gallons for liquid

-Max net mass is greater than 882 lbs or Max capacity greater than 119 lbs for a solid

-water capacity is 1,001 lbs or greater as a receptacle for gas

4

Non bulk packaging

Drums, boxes, car boys, and bags

5

Any package greater than below if what?
Solid: 882 lbs
Liquid: 119 gal
Gas: 1,001 lbs

Bulk

6

Any package less than below if what?
Solid: 882 lbs
Liquid: 119 gal
Gas: 1,001 lbs

Non bulk

7

Cryogens are also called what

Refrigerated liquified gas

8

What is a cryogenic

A gas turns to liquid at or below -130 F at 14.7 psi

9

Pressurized containers features include

Rounded, almost spherical ends
Bolted man ways
Pressure relief valves
Pressure gauges

10

What happens when cryogenic are released

They transform from a liquid to vapor state

11

What types of materials are cryogenic

LOX: liquified Oxygen
Nitrogen
Helium
Hydrogen
Argon
LNG

12

Common liquid containers

Bottles, drums, paint paisl, and gas containers

13

Hazards associated with liquid containers

Pressure, heat (contents will burn), reactivity, Corrosivity, and toxicity

14

Features of liquified Containers

-Flat ends on tanks
-Access hatch / man ways
-Multiple visible fittings on top
-Flexible bladders
-Highway cargo tanks oval or upside down horse shoe shaped, or circular shaped ends
-Intermodal, rigid bulk, flex intermediate rigid bulk are designed to be stacked

15

What are a few hazardous solids

Dust particles and powders

16

What are Boric acid and Sodium chloride examples of

Corrosive solids

17

What happens when Calcium carbide comes into contact with moisture

Will release a flammable gas

18

What is RAM

Radioactive Material

19

How is packaging used to transport radioactive material

Activity, type, and form of material being shipped

20

Radioactive material is shipped in what 5 different types

1. Expected: extremely low levels
2.industrial: such as lab samples of and smoke detectors
3. Type A: withstand a series of tests without contents release
4. Type B: withstand severe accidents without contents release
5. Type C: high-activity material (plutonium), transported by aircraft

21

What do pipelines transport

Liquids and gases

22

What direction does radiation travel

All directions for long distances and may pass through materials. Cannot be detected by the 5 human senses and require a meter.

23

What do pipeline markers include for identification

Signal words, info describing transported commodity, name and number of carrier

24

What are the 3 tanker types

- petroleum carriers,
-chemical cArriers
-liquified Flammable Gas Carriers, for LNG and LPG

25

Cargo is shipped in what 4 vessels

1. Bulk carriers: liquid or solid
2. Break bulk: pallets, drums, bags, boxes, and crates
3. Container vessels: intermodal containers
4. Roll-on / Roll-off: vehicles can be driven on and off.

26

What is used to consolidate a single , transportable unit by air

ULD: Unit Loading Device (containers/aircraft pallets)

27

What source do the U.S., Canada, Mexico use for transportation

Transportation of Dangerous goods, model regulations

28

Transportation labels are designed for

Non-bulk packaging

29

Placards are designed for what?

Bulk Packaging

30

What are the 9 hazard classes

1. Explosive
2. Gasses
3. Flammable liquids
4. Flammable solids
5. Oxidizing substance and organic per oxides
6. Toxic and infectious substances
7.radioactive
8. Corrosive
9. Misc