Ch 12 Flashcards Preview

Intro to Criminal Justice > Ch 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 12 Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
1

 A facility that holds persons who have been arrested for crimes and are awaiting trial, persons who have been convicted for misdemeanors and are serving a sentence (up to a year), federal offenders, and others
 Run by county sheriff’s department

Jail

2

 Designed for longer confinement
 Majority of convicted felons serve their sentences here
 People convicted of federal crimes are sent to federal prisons
 People who violate state laws go to state prison
 Operated by state or federal governments

Prison

3

Amount spent on Inmates, employment, expenditure per year

o $50 billion spent per year by states on corrections
 3% total state budgets

4

 Nearly half of 216,000 inmates in federal prison are incarcerated for Blank

Drug Offenses
(17% of state prisoners)

5

 Restriction or elimination of parole eligibility and good-time credits to ensure offenders serve larger portions of their sentence

Truth-in-sentencing laws

6

 Robert Martinson’s belief, published in the 1970s, that correctional treatment programs generally do not rehabilitate offenders or significantly reduce recidivism

"Nothing Works" Philosophy

7

• Although the existing rehabilitation programs have not been very effective to date, evidence indicates that many programs provide positive treatment for selected portions of the offender population

Sanguine Perspective

8

 To protect the citizens from crime by safely and securely handling criminal offenders while providing offenders some opportunities for self-improvement and increasing the chance that they will become productive and law-abiding citizens

Mission of Correctional Agencies

9

which emphasizes the caretaker functions of controlling and observing inmates

A Custodial Organization

10

Emphasizes the rehabilitation of inmates

A treatment organization

11

T or F, o For some individuals, going to jail or prison represents an increased standard of living

True

12

 Inmate security and treatment plan based on one’s security, social, vocational, psychological, and educational needs while incarcerated

Classification of inmates

13

4 levels of Security in prisons

• Supermax (highest)
• Maximum (high)
• Medium (low)
• Minimum (lowest)

14

 Determine level of supervision and types of privileges an inmate will have

Security

15

T or F,o Parole was abolished in the federal prison system in 1987

True

16

 Removed some of the long-standing restrictions on interstate commerce of prisoner-made goods

Justice Assistance Act (1984)