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Flashcards in Ch. 11 Firefighter Survival Deck (63)
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Roll call on the fireground is a sign of one of two things happening:

Situation is SPIRALING out of control with rapidly changing conditions.
Situation is WELL IN HAND and being managed very effectively.


Get a fully staffed fire company or ___________________ as your RIT and make sure they know their job

2 two-person or three-person companies


Generally, team search is a _____________.

RIT technique for locating FF in trouble and use under extreme conditions


When a mayday has occurred, the ICs first PRIORITY is to ___________.

Gain control of the situation.
Clear radio channels of any unnecessary traffic.
Establish clear lines of communication.


This persons job is to monitor how MANY people enter, WHO they are, WHERE they are, their AIR supply, and their time of ENTRY/EXIT.

Control person


Control person equipped with ______ and _______.

Water-resistant markers


By assigning a maximum of ______ of submergence time for nominal ______ SCBA, the __________ can indicate at the _______ point that members have reached the halfway point and must return to ___________.

20 minutes.
30 minutes.
Control person.
10 minutes.
Fresh air.


For team search, the minimum is ____ (preferably ____) and one person acts as the ________ remaining outside the area at the point where the search rope is secured to a substantial object. Add'l person assigned as ________________, on main fireground channel.

6, 7.
Control person.
Liaison to search team.


The team leader should be initially at the anchors location and these two members __________.

Form a team for accountability


______ should monitor how far the team has entered and determine if it is safe to CONTINUE.

Team leader


Team search.
Knots specifics

Knots every 25 ft for distance (2nd and beyond, 3 in. apart).
After distance knots, another about 6-8 in. away for DIRECTION


Using radio or pager to find member

Feedback-assisted rescue (FAR)-radios one to two inches apart.
Pager-assisted rescue.

Feedback effect UP TO 1/2 mile


As soon as the first report is received that a FF is down, three things should happen:

ALS ambulance.
Add'l firefighting personnel.
Protective hoseline, spare mask or RIT pack, and BVM with oxygen


FAR or pager-assisted rescue drawbacks

Manual operations requiring first that someone recognize firefighter is missing.
Time-consuming operation


8 situations for Mayday

Injury prevents immediate escape.
SCBA low air-exit beyond range.
Entrapped 30 sec or less.
Disoriented more than 30 sec.
Missing/unaccounted for more than 60 sec.
Uncon/life threat.
Collapse is imminent


One critical task RIT members can perform without reducing readiness is:

Assist the IC with TRACKING LOCATION of operating units and personnel


RIT TEAM tools (10)

Radios for each TWO member team.
200 ft search/guide rope.
Forcible entry tools for each TWO member team.
At least one HFT.
Lifesaving rope and harness belt.
RIT pack or spare mask for each trapped FF.
Stokes and BMV with oxygen.
Power saw, wood or metal blade, depending on size up.
Ladders (tower, aerial, portable).
Hoseline (to cover perimeter of bldg)


RIT doesn't mean they should never budge. They may: (2)

In smaller bldgs, employed to, open up add'l escape routes.
May have to be deployed to get a vitally needed hoseline in place to protect firefighters


RIT officer size up (5)

Request size up by radio while enroute.
Monitor tactical AND command channels.
Once on scene, perform RIT size up.
Attempt to obtain a copy of bldg floor plan AND copy of command chart.
Monitor progress


(Trapped members) IC should ascertain exact location of members (consc/unconsc) (4)

Conscious-direct voice, radio, PASS, tapping.
Unconsc-PASS, FAR, pager-assisted rescue, TIC


Team search-All members must remain in contact either:

With main search rope.
Short length of personal rope attached to it


Use in locating civilians is very limited due to smoke and heat and don't have enough survival time AND might be needed to search for seat of the fire in a large, complicated, sprinklered bldg

Team search


RIT's should be equipped with longer-duration breathing apparatus; 30 minute cylinders are _________________.

Just too small for RIT operations


Ch. 11.
At most incidents where a FIREFIGHTER is trapped, the best resource you can have is ______________.

Additional Firefighters


Following actions on the part of rescuers could save a life: (7)

Call for assistance immediately.
Do not share your mask.
Be totally familiar with all types of SCBA's for your department.
Have a sharp knife ready.
Once victim is out of immediate danger, begin basic life support.
KISS-avoid fancy systems when a simpler method will suffice.
If fire conditions/logistics permit, use of positive-pressure blowers or fans to inject fresh air


5 ways rope can be attached to downed firefighter

SCBA shoulder straps.
Girth hitch around chest (potentially injurious but fast).
Bowline on a night with slippery hitch (complex/less injurious).
Connect to escape harness.
Handcuff knot (fastest, simplest, least injurious).


Leg or legs over shoulder (close to floor OR up stairway)

Floor-one leg.
Stairway-two legs


Most effective means of removing a firefighter through any window opening ABOVE grade

Rope and ladder as a high point


When raising using a ladder as a high point, rope is passed over ____________ above the window sill. This needs ______ rescuers to pull the rope.

A rung at least 4 FEET

Three to four


Once the victim has a mask on that is supplying air, that mask should be ___________.

Converted to a harness