Ch. 03: Ancient Africa and Egypt Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 03: Ancient Africa and Egypt Deck (55)
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1

_______ is the symbol of eternal life this symbol gave the person the breath they needed to enter the afterlife.

Ankh

2

A crown was worn by Osiris. It is made up of the white crowns of upper Egypt and the red feathers are representative of Busiris, Osiris's cult center in the Delta

Atef

3

Is what would presently be called someone's personality

Ba

4

A symbol of royalty, majesty, and dominion

Flail and Crook

5

called the dung beetle in present day

Scarab

6

Africa has _____ climate/vegetation zones

Five (5)

7

temperate weather and good soils

The Mediterranean and extreme south

8

dry, treeless, steppes, from Atlantic to Indian Oceans, semi-arid grass covers plains between the desert and savanna

The Sahel

9

Sahara, Namid, Kalahari

The deserts

10

north and south of the equator to the west and center

the rainforest

11

grasslands of the interior plateaus south of the Sahara and north of the rainforest in West Africa and most of east-central and West Africa

The Savanna

12

What years was Africa's Neolithic Period

11,000-3,000 BCE

13

What was significant about the Neolithic Period

Great rainfall

14

____ groups produced food in the region

Three (3)

15

What region were hunters and gathers across the Sahara

Nilo-Saharan speakers and Afro-Asiatic Speakers

16

The Nilo-Saharan spread where and became known as the Semites

Sinai Penninsula
10,000-11,000BCE

17

Name three accomplishments of the Semites

1-stone pottery
2-cultivated indigenous seeds
3-by 5500BCE added watermelon, guards, calabashes, and cotton

18

Who lived in the southern Sahara wetlands of west Africa

The Niger-Congo Speakers

19

5,000BCE the Niger-Congo speakers began to cultivate:

black-eyed peas, okra, groundnuts

20

in 5500-3500BCE _______ brought migration in two groups

climate change

21

describe the 2 migrated groups in 5500-3500BCE

One North: became the Berbers and others of the northern African coast
The other south became the Ethiopians and others

22

The Bantu expansion to subequatorial Africa by the Niger-Congoans further south. How did they acclimate to their new environment?

Used axes to clear forests
Skilled boat builders to move along the river systems

23

Where did the Batu speakers wander to?

From West Africa (Nigeria and Cameroon) to the Congo and by 1000BCE they were at Lake Victoria

24

What were the two key impacts of the Bantu Speakers?

-began to breed cattle and grow grain
-spread out in all directions to present-day south Africa by 400CE

25

The Bantu speakers did not write until when?

they reached the Swahili Coast/Indian Ocean

26

What we know today about the Bantu peoples comes from what?

Linguistic analysis
archeology
the writings of the Portuguese in the 1500s CE

27

When did the Afro-Asians migrate down the Nile valley

after 5500BCE

28

What were the three accomplishments of the Afro-Asians and how do we know about them?

1 settled as farmers along floodplains
2 became ancestors of ancient Egyptians
3 gave up on native sorghum, millets for wheat and barley
*Obtained from the Semitic relatives of Palestine, Mesopotamia

29

What is a pharaoh?

god-king, ruling in the name of falcon god (Horus)

30

Describe the Egyptians relationship with water systems?

dependent on the Nile River and the 30-mile wide green strip, desert hills either side