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Flashcards in CBR Warfare Deck (29)
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1

What does CBR stand for?

Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare

2

What is chemical warfare intended to do?

Kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate personnel

3

What are some types of chemical agents?

Nerve, Blister, Blood, and Choking

4

What do nerve agents do?

Disrupt nerve impulses

5

What are some examples of Nerve agents?

Sarin, Tabun, Soman, VX

6

What do blister agents do?

Cause inflammation, blisters and destruction of tissue.
May result in blindness or death

7

What are some examples of blister agents?

Distilled mustard, Lewisite, Phosgene Oxime, Levinstein Mustard

8

What do blood agents do?

Attack the enzymes carrying oxygen in the blood stream.

9

What are some examples of blood agents?

Hydrogen Cyanide, Cyanogen Chloride, and Arsine

10

What do choking agents do?

Initial symptoms: Tears, dry throat, nausea, vomiting and headache.
Lungs can become filled with fluid, causing shallow breathing and the feeling of drowning.

11

What are some examples of choking agents?

Phosgene and Diphosgene

12

What is used to detect the presence of liquid chemical agents?

M9 Chemical Agent Detector Paper

13

What color does M9 paper turn if chemical agents are present?

A red or reddish color

14

What is used as first aid if there is a nerve agent casualty?

Atropine/2-PAM-Chloride Auto Injector

15

What are the basic divisions of biological agents?

Pathogens and Toxins

16

What are some examples of Pathogens?

Bacteria, rickettsia, viruses, fungi, protozoa and prions

17

How are toxins categorized?

By organisms that produce them (source)
and by physiological affects in humans

18

What does IPE stand for?

Individual protective equipment

19

What does IPE for chemical/biological agent environments consist of?

MCU-2P protective mask, Advanced chemical protective garment (ACPG,) Gloves, overboots and laces, and skin decontamination kit.

20

What are the types of nuclear explosions?

High Altitude air burst
Air burst
Surface burst
Shallow underwater burst
Deep underwater burst

21

What is a shipboard shielding station?

A ready or deep shelter station

22

What is used to determine the total amount of gamma radiation to which the wearer is exposed in the 0-600 roentgens?

A DT-60 dosimeter

23

How many MOPP levels are there?

5 (0-4)

24

What does MOPP stand for?

Mission Oriented Protective Posture

25

What does MOPP Level 0 consist of?

Issue IPE. 5 minute accessibility.

26

What does MOPP Level 1 consist of?

Ashore - Don protective equipment and M9 tape
Afloat - IPE readily accessible

27

What does MOPP Level 2 consist of?

Ashore - Don protective over-boots
Afloat - Mask carried

28

What does MOPP Level 3 consist of?

Ashore - Fill canteens, activate decon stations.
Afloat - GQ, install filters, don over-boots

29

What does MOPP Level 4 consist of?

Ashore - Secure IPE (Gloves with liners, untie bow in retention cord, loop between legs and secure to web belt)
Afloat - Don IPE, set circle william, countermeasure wash down