Cardiovascular Flashcards Preview

First Aid > Cardiovascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
Loading flashcards...
241

How do myxomas most often present?

syncope

242

What is the most common cardiac tumor in children?

Rhabdomyoma

243

What is a Rhabdomyoma associated with?

tuberous sclerosis

244

What is the broad reason as to my a patient can present with Kussmauls Sign seen?

negative intrathoracic pressure cant be transmitted to the heart

245

What two conditions can produce Reynaud Syndrome?

SLE or CREST

246

In what population does a strawberry hemangioma arise? What is their pattern of growth?

infant

grow and then regress

247

In what population does a cherry hemangioma arise? Do these regress?

eldery

no

248

In what two conditions can a pyogenic granuloma arise?

trauma

pregnancy

249

What is a cystic hygroma?

lymphangioma of neck

250

What disease is a cystic hygroma associated with?

Turner Syndrome

251

Where does a glomus tumor present?

in the fingers

252

What type of cells does a glomus tumor originate from?

modified smooth muscle cells

253

What is an angioma?

benign tumor of lymphatic or vascular walls

254

What is angiomatosis?

non-neoplastic proliferation of blood vessels in various organs

255

What bacteria causes Bacillary Angiomatosis? Mimmicks what disease?

Bartonella heneslae

Kaposi Sarcoma

256

In what patient group is Bacillary Angiomatosis most commonly seen?

AIDS patients

257

Where on the body does an angiosarcoma often present/

sun exposed areas

258

What causes a lymphangiosarcoma?

persistent lymph drainage

259

What type of cell is malignant in Kaposi Sarcoma?

endothelial

260

What virus causes Kaposi's?

HHV-8

261

What sex and age is most likely to present with Temporal (Giant Cell) Arteritis?

elderly, female

262

What would be two common clinical complaints of Temporal Arteritis?

unilateral headache

jaw claudication

263

What is the main risk during Temporal Arteritis?

blindness

264

How is Temporal Arteritis treated?

high-dose corticosteroids

265

What sex and age is most likely to present with Takayasu Arteritis?

female, asian, under 40

266

What is Takayasu Arteritis? What type of inflammation?

intimal thickeing of aortic arch and brances

granulomatous

267

How is Takayasu Arteritis treated?

corticosteroids

268

What specific virus has seropositivity in a select few cases of polyarteritis nodosa?

HBV

269

What two vessels are most commonly involved during Polyarteritis Nodosa?

renal and visceral vessels

270

What vessel is generally spared during Polyarteritis Nodosa?

pulmonary vessels