Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
What are the two growth cytokines for atherosclerosis?
PDGF and FGF
What three disease processes can cause a thoracic aortic aneurysm?
cystic medial degeneration
Why can syphillis cause a thoracic aortic aneurysm?
endarteritis of vasovasorum
What valvular pathology is aortic dissection associated with?
bicuspid aortic valve
What are two presenting symptoms of aortic dissection?
chest pain that radiates to back
unequal BP in UEs
Does prinzmetal angina cause ST elevation or ST depression?
What two drugs are used to treat Prinzmetal Angina?
CCBs and nitrates
Where in the vessel does coronary steal take place?
distal to a stenosis
What happens to a person experiencing coronary steal when they are given vasodilators?
coronary vessels are dilated and blood is shunted towards well perfused areas
What pathological process can neutrophil invasion into an MI produce?
What pathological process can macrophage invasion produce post-MI?
What three symptoms does Dressler syndrome usually present with?
What type of collagen is found in an MI scar?
What is the most sensitive troponin?
How long does it take Troponin I levels to rise?
How long do Troponin I levels remain elevated?
What is CK-MB useful for?
How long does it take CK-MB levels to return to normal?
What is the mnemonic to remember the differing causes of a dilative cardiomyopathy?
What is the A of ABCCCD?
chronic alcohol abuse
What is the B of ABCCCD?
wet beri beri
What is the C's of ABCCCD?
What is the D of ABCCCD?
If a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is found to be genetic, what is the most likely mode of inheritance?
What protein is found to be defective in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
β-myosin heavy chain
What two drugs are used to treat a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
Which heart pathology would sarcoidosis produce?
Which heart pathology would amyloidosis produce?
In what patient population does endocardial fibroelastosis occur?