Cardiovascular Flashcards Preview

First Aid > Cardiovascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
Loading flashcards...
181

What are the two growth cytokines for atherosclerosis?

PDGF and FGF

182

What three disease processes can cause a thoracic aortic aneurysm?

cystic medial degeneration

Marfan

syphillis

183

Why can syphillis cause a thoracic aortic aneurysm?

endarteritis of vasovasorum

184

What valvular pathology is aortic dissection associated with?

bicuspid aortic valve

185

What are two presenting symptoms of aortic dissection?

chest pain that radiates to back

unequal BP in UEs

186

Does prinzmetal angina cause ST elevation or ST depression?

ST elevation

187

What two drugs are used to treat Prinzmetal Angina?

CCBs and nitrates

188

Where in the vessel does coronary steal take place?

distal to a stenosis

189

What happens to a person experiencing coronary steal when they are given vasodilators?

coronary vessels are dilated and blood is shunted towards well perfused areas

190

What pathological process can neutrophil invasion into an MI produce?

fibrinous pericarditis

191

What pathological process can macrophage invasion produce post-MI?

wall rupture

192

What three symptoms does Dressler syndrome usually present with?

pericarditis

fever

chest-pain

193

What type of collagen is found in an MI scar?

Type one

194

What is the most sensitive troponin?

Troponin I

195

How long does it take Troponin I levels to rise?

4 hours

196

How long do Troponin I levels remain elevated?

7-10 days

197

What is CK-MB useful for?

diagnosing reinfarction

198

How long does it take CK-MB levels to return to normal?

48 hours

199

What is the mnemonic to remember the differing causes of a dilative cardiomyopathy?

ABCCCD

200

What is the A of ABCCCD?

chronic alcohol abuse

201

What is the B of ABCCCD?

wet beri beri

202

What is the C's of ABCCCD?

cocaine

chagas

coxsackie

203

What is the D of ABCCCD?

doxorubicin

204

If a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is found to be genetic, what is the most likely mode of inheritance?

autosomal dominant

205

What protein is found to be defective in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

β-myosin heavy chain

206

What two drugs are used to treat a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

β-blocker

ND CCBs

207

Which heart pathology would sarcoidosis produce?

restrictive cardiomyopathy

208

Which heart pathology would amyloidosis produce?

restrictive cardiomyopathy

209

In what patient population does endocardial fibroelastosis occur?

children

210

What are two characteristics of Loeffler Syndrome? What cell infiltrates?

endocardial fibroelastosis

Eosinophilc infiltrate