Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
What two ions cause vasodilation in skeletal muscle?
potassium and hydrogen ions
What chamber does pulmonary capillary wedge pressure measure?
What is the Starling Equation?
(Pc-Pi) - (πc-πi)
What does Pc represent?
capillary hydrostatic pressure
What does Pi represent?
capillary oncotic pressure
What does πc represent?
What does πi represent?
What does TAPVR stand for?
total anamolous pulmonary venous return
What is the defect in TAPVR? What other two defects are often seen during TAPVR?
pulmonary veins drain into right heart
ASD and PDA
What are the five causes of a right to left shunt?
tetralogy of fallot
What defect often accompanies a Persistent Truncus Arteriosus?
What causes Transposition of the Great Vessels?
Failure of aortico-pulmonary septum to spiral
What three conditions does Eisenmenger Syndrome produce?
A non-mitral bicuspid valve is associated with what disease?
Where does an infantile coarctation of the aorta connect?
proximal to PDA
Where does an adult coarctation of the aorta connect?
distal to ligamentum arteriosum
What is infantile coarctation of the aorta associated with ?
What are three findings of adult coarctation of the aorta?
notching of ribs
strong UE pulses
weak LE pulses
What conditions of the heart is 22q11 associated with?
tetralogy of fallot
What three heart conditions are associated with Down Syndrome?
atrial septal defect
What two heart conditions are associated with Turner Syndrome?
coarctation of aorta
bicuspid aortic valve
What four heart conditions are associated with Marfan Syndrome?
thoracic aorta aneurysm/dissection
Infant of diabetic mother is associated with what heat issue?
Transposition of Great Arteries
What is the main cause of HTN in young patients?
What specific cell type are Xanthomas made of?
Lipid Laden Histiocytes
What is the most common tendon for a xanthoma to lodge?
What part of the vessel does Monckeberg Arteriosclerosis effect? What process? Which vessels?
radial and ulnar
What are the two types of arteriolosclerosis?
hyaline and hyperplastic
What are the two causes of hyaline arteriolosclerosis?
chronic benign HTN and diabetes