Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
A combination of which two drugs improes mortality in patients with CHF?
hydralazine and nitrates
Can capillaries thicken during HTN?
What would a restrictive myopathy show on ECG?
low amplitude voltag
Would a RV Infarct produce an increase or decreased PCWP?
What would Aortic Dissection show on Xray?
What type of angina features disruption of a preexisting atherosclerotic plaque with a thin fibrous cap?
Endocardial Cushions give rise to what two structures in the heart?
Valves and septa
What is the most common valve to be affected by bacterial endocarditis?
Which papillary muscle has dual blood flow?
Which two arteries are affected by Buergers Disease?
Tibial and Radial
Can Buergers extend into the nerves?
Which lipid-lowering agent works by preventing cholesterol reabsorption at the small intestinal brush border?
What structure is usually affected by an ASD?
Is an ASD the same as a foramen ovale?
missing rather than unfused
What causes a Tetralogy of Fallot?
antero-superior displacement of the infundibular septum
What is the synthetic BNP?
What dictates blood flow to skeletal muscle at rest?
Which two classes of anti-arrhythmics can prolong QT?
Loss of cardiac contractility occurs within how many seconds of loss of oxygen?
Would an MVP occur earlier or later with mauevers that decrease venous return?
Is a smaller or larger interval between the opening click and S2 indicate a more severe stenosis?
Would Mitral Stenosis be worse during inspiration or expiration?
What phase of the cardiac cycle has the highest oxygen consumption?
Does chronic anemia increase or decrease CO? Through what mechanism?
increased venous return
What approximates Afterload?
mean arterial pressure
What is the oxygen percentage in the fetal umbilical vein?
What is the oxygen percentage in the fetal right atria?
What happens to the heart during Kartagener?
Aberrant cardiac looping
What two structures fuse to form the Membranous Interventricular Septum?
muscular ventricular septum