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Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (30)
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0

In LBBB, when is the split HS?

On expiration
(pulmonary valve closes before aortic valve)

1

MI secondary prevention drugs

Ace-i, Aspirin
Beta-blocker
Clopidogrel
Simvastatin
GTN

2

Amlodipine SE

Ankle swelling

3

Class of drug for chlortalidone

Thiazide diuretic

4

Clopidogrel SE

Gastric irritation

5

Hear failure drugs

1st line:
Ace-i
Beta-blocker
2nd-line:
Spironolactone
ARB
Hydralazine
Any above + nitrate

Diuretics- for fluid overload

6

S3

Heard soon after 2nd found in early diastole

7

S1

Atrioventricular

8

S2

Semilunar

9

Heart sound for hear failure

S3

10

HS Ventricular stiffness

S4

11

Retrosternal chest pain

Angina

12

Intermittent claudication - common place

Calf/buttock

13

What to encourage for intermittent claudication?

Exercise encourages collateral artery development

14

What exacerbates intermittent claudication?

Beta-blockers (reduce blood flow to limb)
Compression stockings

15

Mx critical limb iscahemia

Limb amputation (avoid spread of gangrene)

16

Recurrent PE Mx

IVC filter

17

Causes of AF

Thyrotoxocosis
Pneumonia

18

AF leads to

Heart failure
Stroke

19

Which drug reduces mortality for MI? ( ace-i or diuretics?)

Ace-i (reduces mortality)
Diuretics (symptomatic relief but x decrease mortality)

20

Normal axis for ECG

-30 to 90

21

Cause for prolonged QT interval

Hypocalcaemia

22

Essential HTN more common than 2ndary HTN in which population?

Young ppl

23

Hyperaldosteronism causing 2ndary HTN

Conn's syndrome

24

AAA

Males
5.5cm threshold for repair
Endovascular repair (optional)

25

If high suspicion of rupture for AAA, what should you do?

Urgent laparotomy

26

Complication of AAA

Trash foot (embolization of aneurysm can occlude small vessels of the feet, leading to areas of necrosis)

27

Arterial ulcer risk factor

Smoking

28

How to completely heal arterial ulcer?

Tissue reperfusion

29

AF Mx for >65Y

Bisoprolol/atenolol/satolol
(Diltiazem if beta-blocker x work)