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Flashcards in Buzz Words/Challenge bowl Deck (189)
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1

what is the only artery in the blood that carries deoxygenated blood?

pulmonary artery

2

which Ab appears in serum early in the course of infection?

IgM

3

What is the name for an acute polyneuropathy that is associated with an ascended paralysis, and may be triggered by infection?

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (absent deep tendon reflexes)

4

What is chvostek's sign? and what is it associated with?

tapping of the inferior portion of the zygoma will produce facial spasms. Hypocalcemia

5

What is trousseau's sign? and what is it associated with?

eliciting carpal spasm by inflating the blood pressure cuff and maintaining the cuff pressure above systolic. hypocalcemia

6

What should you advise your patients taking taking metronidazole not to do?

Don't drink alcohol

7

The most common heart valve involved in bacterial endocarditis in the general population?

mitral valve

8

Thumb print sign, drooling, leaning forward

epiglottitis

9

Best treatment for gonorrhea?

250mg IM cefttriaxone

10

What is the most sensitive physical exam technique for for diagnosing ACL tear?

lachman's test

11

What is the R in MANTRELS scoring system? What do the rest of the letters stand for?

Migration to the right iliac fossa, Anorexia, Nausea/Vomiting, Tenderness in the right iliac fossa, Rebound pain, Elevated temperature (fever), Leukocytosis, and Shift of leukocytes to the left

12

A pt with dermatomyositis may present with what distinctive rash?

heliotrope rash

13

what is the most abundant protein in the human body?

collagen

14

The most likely organism to cause an infection after a cat bite is?

Pasteurella multocida.

15

The most likely organism to cause cat scratch disease?

Bartonella henselae

16

Grey Turner's sign

ecchymosis of the flanks. acute pancreatitis

17

sister Mary nodule

GI cancer

18

The most common pharmacologic Tx for reynaud's disease is?

CCB

19

Pregnant women should be test for group B strep during which week of gestation?

35th

20

The most commonly diagnosed type of skin cancer?

Basal cell carcinoma

21

Child with colic abdominal pain and red currant jelly stool

intussusception

22

What is the most common type of thyroid cancer?

papillary carcinoma

23

epidural hematomas usually are caused by injuries to which vessels?

middle meningeal artery

24

Hypernatremia may result when patients with this disorder have limited access to water?

Diabetes insipidus

25

What is the most common type of testicular cancer?

seminoma

26

The condition in which the placenta completely or partially cover the cervical os is?

placenta previa

27

The center criteria are used to determine the likelihood of Strep pharyngitis. What are the four components?

FLAP = fever, lack of cough, pharyngeal exudates, anterior lymphadenopathy

28

A pt with RUQ pain and hx of recent STI may have what particular syndrome?

Fitz-Hugh-Curtis (liver capsule infection secondary to PID)

29

Charcot's triad

jaundice, fever, RUQ pain

30

Renald's pentad

jaundice, fever, RUQ pain, hypotension and confusion