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Flashcards in business pscyh Deck (19)
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1

Techniques for reducing procrastination

-Calculate the price of procrastination
- Create some momentum to get you moving
-Apply behavior modification to yourself
- Make a commitment to other people

2

Developing the proper attitudes and Values

Become a goal- oriented person.
Try to discover what is blocking you.
Value good attendance and punctuality.
Avoid perfectionism.
Learn to say No.
Strive for quantity and quality.
Recognize the importance of rest and relaxation.
Develop a strong work ethic.

3

Developing the proper skills and techniques (1)

Prepare a list and set priorities.
Where do you put your lists?
Setting priorities.
Use calendar.
Concentrate on one task at a time.
Concentrate on high-output tasks.
Stay in control of paper work.

4

Developing proper skills and techniques (2)

Work at a steady place
Schedule similar task together
Make use of bits of time
Break down the task into manageable units
Remember where you put things
Set a time limit for certain tasks
Capitalize on your natural energy cycles
Keep an orderly desk
Clean up every six months
Try to minimize interruptions

5

- Minimize the distance workers must reach to obtain tools, equipment, supplies, or operate machines.

Use time and motion principles

6

Use time and motion principles (1)

- Minimize the distance workers must reach to obtain tools, equipment, supplies, or operate machines.
- Both hands should begin and end their movement at the same time.
- The hands should always be in motion, except during official rest breaks.
- The hands should never be given tasks that could be performed more appropriately by other parts of the body, particularly legs and feet.

7

Use time and motion principles (2)

- If possible, work materials should be held by a mechanical device such as a vise, instead of being held by the hand.
- Circular movements of the hands between two points are more efficient than straight-line movements
- The work area should be arranged to permit workers to sit or stand alternately to perform the job.
- Wherever possible, tools should be combined to eliminate the wasteful motions of putting one tool down and picking another one.
- Movements should always occur in the direction in which the force of gravity will assist the movement
- Picking up and handling objects should be accomplished in such a way as to require the least amount of small, precise movements.

8

GETTING STARTED IMPROVING YOUR PEERSONAL PRODUCTIVITY

Start small
Personal characteristics and work habits

9

ADJUSTING TO THE
ORGANIZATION

Understand how dress, appearance,
and manners can influence your
career success.

Know what has to be done to
become a team player.

Develop a strategy for becoming
more outgoing if shyness is a
problem for you.

Appreciate the challenges facing
a mid-life woman who enters or
reenters the work place

10

PROBLEMS IN ADJUSTING
TO ORGANIZATIONAL LIFE

Problem No. 1: Making a Good Appearance
Problem No. 2: Following business manners and etiquette.
Problem No. 3: Becoming a team player.
Problem No. 4: Overcoming Shyness
Problem No. 5: Women Reentering the Workforce

11

Problem No. 1: Making a Good Appearance.
Five important factors influencing your
choice of clothing.

Products and services sold

Type of customer or client served

Desired image projected by the firm

Geography

Your comfort and self image

12

Problem No. 2: Following business manners and etiquette.
Twelve specific suggestions that should be considered.

Names should be remembered.
Respect other peoples senses.
Avoid vulgarities.
Males and females should receive equal treatment.
Shouting is out.
Coats can be removed in the office.
The host or hostess pays the bill.
Address superiors and visitors in their preferred way.
Make appointments with high-ranking people rather than dropping in.
Stand up only for infrequent visitors.
Sexiness in the office should be muted.
Watch out for smoking on the job.

13

Problem No. 3:
Becoming a team player.
Strategies for promoting the team concept.

Sharing credit with co-workers.

Give information and opinions
to them.

Touch base with them on
important issues.

14

Problem No. 4: Overcoming shyness

Shyness is the tendency to feel awkward, worried or tensed during social encounters, especially with unfamiliar people. Severely shy people may have physical symptoms like blushing, sweating, a pounding heart or upset stomach; negative feelings about themselves; worries about how others view them; and a tendency to withdraw from social interactions.

15

is the tendency to feel awkward, worried or tensed during social encounters, especially with unfamiliar people. Severely shy people may have physical symptoms like blushing, sweating, a pounding heart or upset stomach; negative feelings about themselves; worries about how others view them; and a tendency to withdraw from social interactions.

Shyness

16

Causes of shyness

Low self confidence
Rejected several times
May be inherited

17

Consequences of shyness

Difficulties in meeting new people.
Negative emotional feelings.
Difficulty in being assertive.
Creating a false negative impression.
Creating a poor initial impression.
Difficulty in thinking clearly and communicating
effectively in the presence of others.
7. Self consciousness.

18


Techniques for overcoming shyness

Set a goal.
Relax physically.
Talk positively about yourself.
Appear warm and friendly.
Make legitimate phone calls to strangers.
Anonymous conversations.
Greet strangers.
Dress and groom for assertiveness.
Rehearse difficult situations.
Observe and model self-confident people.
Help other shy people.
Attend shyness workshops and training
programs.

19

Problem No. 5: Women
Reentering the Workforce.
Adjustment Problems.

Capitalizing on life experiences.

Competition with younger women.

Relating with younger superiors.

Unequal advancement opportunities.

5. Balancing career and family demands.