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PHI 114: Rel Test 2: Buddhism > Buddhism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Buddhism Deck (94)
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1

1. In the first century, Buddhist sutras were first written in the language.

Pali

2

The current Dalai Lama is believed by Tibetan Buddhists to be the reincarnation of Avalokitesvara, also known as the Bodhisattva of

Compassion

3

The "large vehicle" branch of Buddhism most commonly associate with China, Japan, and Tibet is called

Mahayana

4

One of the most prominent symbols of Buddhism is the wheel, known as the

Dharmachakra

5

A person who attains enlightenment, but through compassion, remains in this world to help others achieve enlightenment is called a(n)

Bodhisattva

6

A burial mound or monument often containing the relics of the Buddha or prominent Buddhists is called a(n)

Stupa

7

According to Buddhism, the way to end suffering is to

end desire

8

The Buddhist view of karma is
a. divine punishment
b. rewards for kindness
c. both divine punishment and rewards for kindness
d. the law of cause and effect

d. the law of cause and effect

9

The word Mahayana means
a. Small Vehicle
b. Enlightenment
c. Large Vehicle
d. The Passage of Time

c. Large Vehicle

10

The wheel that is symbolic of Buddhism represents
a. Reincarnation
b. The Wheel of the Teaching
c. Suffering
d. The Middle Path

b. The Wheel of the Teaching

11

In Buddhism, the concept Anatta refers to
a. the lack of a permanent self
b. one's karmic dept
c. the meditative state
d. the individual soul

a. the lack of a permanent self

12

Impermanence is illustrated in the construction and immediate destruction of
a. Sangha
b. Stelas
c. Mandalas
d. Bhodi

c. Mandalas

13

Which one of these is NOT one of the "Four Passing Sights?"
a. An old person
b. A robbery
c. A dead body
d. A gravely ill person

b. A robbery

14

Siddhartha Gautama was born to a
a. to a poor family.
b. in a monastery.
c. in China.
d. into a royal lineage.

d. into a royal lineage.

15

The second of the Four Noble Truths states that suffering is caused by
a. religious oppression
b. a guilty conscience
c. desire
d. lack of material goods

c. desire

16

Anicca refers to the characteristic of existence known as
a. Suffering
b. Nobility
c. Suffering
d. Impermanence

d. Impermanence

17

Mahayana Buddhism emphasizes the role of the
a. immortal soul
b. bodhisattva
c. secular leadership
d. Dalai Lama

b. bodhisattva

18

The statues of the Buddha in temples and homes
a. are viewed as alive and imbued with the spirit of the Buddha.
b. considered unnecessary distractions by monks.
c. are often depicted in the lotus meditative position.
d. conceal the altars only available to monastic leaders.

c. are often depicted in the lotus meditative position.

19

The word "Buddha" literally means
a. Enlightened One
b. Savior
c. The Path
d. Liberation

a. Enlightened One

20

The "three refuges" refers to these statements
a. "I take refuge in the Buddha."
b. "I take refuge in the atman."
c. "I take refuge in the dharma."
d. "I take refuge in the sangha."

a. "I take refuge in the Buddha."
c. "I take refuge in the dharma."
d. "I take refuge in the sangha."

21

The Four Noble Truths include which of the following:
a. All life is suffering
b. Suffering is caused by desire
c. To end suffering, one must end desire.
d. Desire only ends with the death of the physical body.

a. All life is suffering
b. Suffering is caused by desire
c. To end suffering, one must end desire.

22

The Buddha died
a. as a young man due to malnutrition.
b. having achieved full nirvana.
c. without appointing a successor.
d. at around eighty years of age.

b. having achieved full nirvana.
c. without appointing a successor.
d. at around eighty years of age.

23

Among the Five Precepts of Buddhism are
a. to kill only animals used for food
b. to refrain from sexual immorality
c. to refrain from intoxicants
d. to submit to secular authority (the political state)

b. to refrain from sexual immorality
c. to refrain from intoxicants

24

The main split in Buddhist teachings after the Second Council produced the following two main factions:
a. Mahayana
b. Theravada
c. Parinirvana
d. Kusinara

a. Mahayana
b. Theravada

25

Some of the ways Buddhism responded to the challenges of modernity in Asia were
a. Adoption of some of the practices of Christianity
b. The development of social and political activism by monks
c. Retreating to remote areas of Asia such as Tibet
d. Engaging in armed violent resistance to Christian missionaries.

a. Adoption of some of the practices of Christianity
b. The development of social and political activism by monks

26

Among the things a visitor to a Theravada temple might see are
a. a prominent statue of the Buddha
b. an altar for offerings of flowers or oil
c. images of prominent Buddhist monks
d. a place for burning incense

a. a prominent statue of the Buddha
b. an altar for offerings of flowers or oil
d. a place for burning incense

27

What is the main purpose of the Zen koan?

These riddles are meant to facilitate normality and enlightenment.

28

What are the Three Characteristics of Existence?

Impermanence, suffering, and anatta (or that there is no permanent soul)

29

What does the author mean by Buddhists in the West "Protestantizing" their tradition?

This refers to some Buddhist communities that arrange their worship spaces like churches, with pews; hymnals; and organs, and using the term "church" in their name.

30

Describe in your own words the the first Noble Truth in Buddhist teachings.

The first Nobel Truth is that all of life is suffering, meaning that just living is suffering due to our inherent desire for things to be different than they are. We want to live longer, not be sick, not grow old, not experience anything negative, but we do in fact experience negativity.