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Flashcards in Brisol Deck (30)
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Larges SW city
Population 440,500
Expected to reach half a million by 2020
2 universities
Ups 8th most popular city for foreign visitors
2 major docks


Internationally - Bristol

Airport links to the USA and Europe
Bristol uni
Position to M4 corridor
Easy access to London


Impact of migrants on Bristol?

Enriching cities natural cultural lie
Hard working and motivated work force
Contributing to local economy
Need to provide education for children who's first language isn't englush
Improving level of skills where there are shortages


How is Bristol changing?

Growing population - and become more ethnically diverse
Electrification of rail line to London
2 million + people live within 50 km of the city
More people in Bristol under 16 than pensionable age


Urban change - social Opputinities k

Culture - youthful population means music , night clubs
- Colton hall- concerts and

Sport- 2 professional soccer teams, rugby union team, teams are developing stadiums with accommodation, leisure etc

Shopping-been new developments


Developments to shopping in Bristol ?

More attractive shopping area
Better public transport to the centre
Cabot circus shopping centre

Cost of £500 million to develop, shops, leisure, cinema, hotels and apartments


Urban change - economic Opputinities

Tertiary and Quaternary Sectors
High tech industries because of the university, advanced research, clean and non polluted environment and the educated and skilled work force


Urban change - ENBIRONEMTN

Became 1st UK city to get the European green capital

By 2020:
Transport improvements
Improved energy efficiency
Renewable energy development

Plans to increase number of obs in low carbon emission industries from 9,000-17,000 by 2020


What did Bristol do in first year of bein eGC 2015

175 businesses created green action plan
First 100 electric car charging points in city
Every primary school pupil planted a tree


Integrated transport system- Bristol

Public transport - encouraging
In 2012 - it was the 2nd most congested in UK
Rapid transport network - 3 bus routes inking railway
Park and ride


Urban greening

1/3 of Bristol is open space
Over 90% of the population live within 350mm of parkland /waterways
8 nature reserves
300 parks
Queen square dual carriage way - now open space and cycle routes

30% to be converted with trees
27% of city to be part of a wildlife network


Bristols environemntal challenges ?

Areas of dereliction
Urban sprawl


Environmental challenge - urban sprawl

Demand for new housing from rising population

To reduce -
Between 2006- 2013 only 6% of new housing developments where n green field land
By 2026- over 30,000 new houses planned on brownfield sights
Higher density


Environmental challenge - areas of dereliction

Inner city and concentration of redundant industrial buildings
When port faction moved downstream from city - warehouses left abandoned

Eg stokes croft
Taken over by squatters adn riots
Lots of dereliction

- now we'll know for graffiti , music and nightclubs
Community action
City council got grants to help the area


Bristols waste disposal problem

Amount of waste disposal per person in disposal is 23% lower than average BUT still produce over 0.5 million tonnes per year


Ho is Bristol reducing impact of waste disposal

Reducin amount of waste sent to landfill sites
Reducing waste generated by households by 15%
Increasing waste recycling by 50%



AVONmouth water treatment plant

Treats 200,000 tonnes of waste pa
Any non treatable waste - used for electricity for 25,000 houses

Also poo bus - human and food waste powers
Can travel up to 300km


Social inequality exMPLES

Stoke bishop



In top 10% of most socially deprived areas in country
Over 1300 crimes pa
63% feel unsafe going out at night
1/3 of pope leafed 16-24 are unemployed
Death rates above average


Stoke bishop

Highest level of car ownershipin city
Less than 300 crimes per year
Only 3% unemployed
Life expectancy 83 - bristols is 80
Nearly 50% of population have a degree
81% of housing is owner occupied
5km from fail wood ??????


ADVANTAGES of building on greenfield site

More space for gardens
Pleasant countryside environment
Land cheaper on the outskirts
New sites don't need clearing
No restrictions for road network
Some shops and Business parks on. The outside provide local facilities


Advantages of building on brownfield site

Roads already exist
Near to facilities in town centre
Easier to get planning permission as councils want to sell brownfield
Sites in cities aren't left derelict
Utilities already provided


South gloustershire - pros and cons ( greenfield )

- 1200 new homes
- 2000 planned for 2017

- increased conjestion and traffic noise
Impacts of habitats adn geology
Loss of open space


Harbour side ( brownfield site ) pros and cons

Run down area has been redeveloped
People live in city - no dead heart

HIGH cost
Many people on waiting list
Some aren't happy with architecture


Why regenerate run Down urban areas

Existing buildings can be put to use
Land is often disused
Already been developed - reduces urban sprawl
Using unsightly areas improves urban environment
Sites are often in urban areas - building these may reduce car use


Temple quarter

Very rundown
Many see it when come from bath or into temple meads


Regeneration of temple quarters

Glass warf -new office development
Electrification of London - Bristol railway line
Arena Ireland bridge to new Bristol area
Paint works - new mixed use development
Temple meads station


Temple quarter regeneration ----- fiqures and effect

400o new jobs b 2020 and 17000 by 2037
240,000m2 of new refurbished buildings
Redeveloped railway
Enterprise one status
New bridge across river van to site of of former dispel depot - gives access to new Bristol arena


Bristol arena

Large and open in 2018
Largest city in UK without a venue
Access will be by new bridge and pedestrian and cycling bridge
4000 people arena (seating ) and standing 12,000
Ice skating rink
Sport and theatre


Brunels engine shed

Example of reuse of a listed historic building
New 1.7 million innovation centre is being developed in isambord kingdom at temple meads station

Have high tech, creative and low carbon sector companies
18 micro electronics, media ad digital protection companies as well as a further 44 that use the facilities

Company developing next generation of WIFI