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Flashcards in Brandy Deck (17)
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1

What is the only spirit derived from fruit?

Brandy

2

What is the best known grape brandy that comes from south-west France?

Cognac

Armagnac also comes from south-west France, but Cognac enjoys a much wider global reputation.

3

When making Cognac, after the grapes are pressed, what are they fermented into?

Wine

4

By law, how must Cognac be distilled?

Double distilled in a pot still

5

What is the challenge of using a pot still for distillation?

It is a labor-intensive process that involves doing one batch at a time

6

What are the characteristics of spirits made in pot stills?

Relatively low strength and a lot of flavor

7

After distillation, what must happen (by law) for the spirit to be called Cognac?

It must be aged in oak barrels for a minimum of 2 years

8

What flavors are a result of oak aging?

Vanilla and toast

9

What happens when cognac is aged longer in oak?

Flavors become very concentrated and develop fruit cake and toffee aromas

10

How is extra complexity created in Cognacs?

Extra complexity is achieved by blending Cognacs of different ages

(Most Cognacs are blended)

11

What are two ways Cognac develops it characteristics during aging?

1. They pick up flavor and color from the oak casks

2. Their flavors become more concentrated over time as alcohol and water evaporate through the barrel

12
True or False:

Cognacs are sweetened before being bottled

True

Cognacs are usually sweetened with grape sugars before bottling

13

What does VS mean when describing Cognac?

Very Special

Aged a minimum of 2 years

14

What does VSOP mean when describing Cognac?

Very Special, Old, Pale

Aged a minimum of 4 years

15

What does XO mean when describing a type of Cognac?

Extra Old

Aged a minimum of 6 years

16

How many times muct Cognac be distilled?

By law - twice in a pot still

17

Most Cognac pot stills are heated using what method?

Gas burners

 

Many other pot stills are heated using steam jackets