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What determines the nutrients we consume?

Food choices

1

What is the amount of food Base decision we make a day on average?

200 food choices

2

At least how many essential nutrients do we need to stay healthy?

Over 40

3

What is the critical determinant of your health?

Your overall diet

4

What is energy measured in?

Kilocalories (kcal)

5

What happens when we consume more calories than we need?

We gain body weight

6

Define nutrient density

The amount of nutrients in a given food

7

What determines food choices? (9 things)

•Sensory features: taste, smell, appearance and texture
• emotional attachment to certain foods
• cultural and societal norms
• geographic availability
• environment
• health consciousness
• psychological states
• price, convenience, accessibility
• social influence

8

What are the 6 essential nutrients?

Water
Carbohydrates
Lipids(fats)
Proteins
Vitamins
Minerals

9

What are the 4 macronutrients?

Water
Proteins
Lipids(fats)
Carbohydrates

10

What are the 2 micronutrients?

Vitamins
Minerals

11

What are the 3 energy-yielding nutrients?

Proteins
Lipid(fats)
Carbohydrates

12

What is carbohydrates contain? (2 things)

• sugars, starches, and fibre
• organic (carbon containing)

13

What are lipids(fats) contain?

•cholesterol, saturated fat and unsaturated fat
• organic

14

What does protein made up of? (2 things)

• made up amino acids
• organic

15

What are vitamins made up of? (2things)

• fat soluble and water soluble
• organic

16

What are minerals made up of? (2 things)

• chemical elements
• inorganic

17

Fun fact:

1 kcal= 1000 calories= 1 Calorie

18

What is the body structure formation made out of? (5things)

- Fats, carbohydrates, minerals, water and proteins

19

What nutrients does body process regulation need?

All nutrients

20

Define phytochemical

Plant chemicals found only in plant foods

21

Define functional foods

Foods that contain added benefits that goes beyond the nutrients they contain. Ex. Food with phytochemicals

22

What potential health benefit does Kale, blueberries and salmon give?

Kale-reduce age-related blindness
Blueberries-reduce risk of heart disease and cancer
Salmon-reduce risk of heart disease

23

which is more healthier? Whole food or processed food?

Whole Food

24

Define neutraceuticals/designer foods. Give two examples of it

They are food fortified with certain nutrients or enchanted with phytochemicals. Ex vitamin water and omega-3 eggs

25

What is wrong with processed foods? (4 things)

1. Nutrient Poor
2. Higher in calories, sugar and sodium
3. Lower in fiber and phytochemicals
4. More likely to be associated with chronic disease

26

What are two types of malnutrition?

Undernutrition and overnutrition

27

Define undernutrition

When intake doesn't meet needs

28

Define overnutrition

When intake exceeds body needs

29

What does malnutrition affect?

both present and future health