Flashcards in BPK110 Chapter 1 Deck (66)
What determines the nutrients we consume?
What is the amount of food Base decision we make a day on average?
200 food choices
At least how many essential nutrients do we need to stay healthy?
What is the critical determinant of your health?
Your overall diet
What is energy measured in?
What happens when we consume more calories than we need?
We gain body weight
Define nutrient density
The amount of nutrients in a given food
What determines food choices? (9 things)
•Sensory features: taste, smell, appearance and texture
• emotional attachment to certain foods
• cultural and societal norms
• geographic availability
• health consciousness
• psychological states
• price, convenience, accessibility
• social influence
What are the 6 essential nutrients?
What are the 4 macronutrients?
What are the 2 micronutrients?
What are the 3 energy-yielding nutrients?
What is carbohydrates contain? (2 things)
• sugars, starches, and fibre
• organic (carbon containing)
What are lipids(fats) contain?
•cholesterol, saturated fat and unsaturated fat
What does protein made up of? (2 things)
• made up amino acids
What are vitamins made up of? (2things)
• fat soluble and water soluble
What are minerals made up of? (2 things)
• chemical elements
1 kcal= 1000 calories= 1 Calorie
What is the body structure formation made out of? (5things)
- Fats, carbohydrates, minerals, water and proteins
What nutrients does body process regulation need?
Plant chemicals found only in plant foods
Define functional foods
Foods that contain added benefits that goes beyond the nutrients they contain. Ex. Food with phytochemicals
What potential health benefit does Kale, blueberries and salmon give?
Kale-reduce age-related blindness
Blueberries-reduce risk of heart disease and cancer
Salmon-reduce risk of heart disease
which is more healthier? Whole food or processed food?
Define neutraceuticals/designer foods. Give two examples of it
They are food fortified with certain nutrients or enchanted with phytochemicals. Ex vitamin water and omega-3 eggs
What is wrong with processed foods? (4 things)
1. Nutrient Poor
2. Higher in calories, sugar and sodium
3. Lower in fiber and phytochemicals
4. More likely to be associated with chronic disease
What are two types of malnutrition?
Undernutrition and overnutrition
When intake doesn't meet needs
When intake exceeds body needs