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Flashcards in BPK Chapter 7 Deck (129)
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1

What are vitamins made up of?

Organic compounds that contain fat soluble and water soluble

2

What amounts of vitamins are required to regulate body processes?

Small amounts of vitamin

3

What are two functions of vitamins in general?

Regulate body processes and prevent symptoms of deficiency.

4

What are 6 kind of vitamins in grain products?

Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Pantothenic acid
Vitamin B6
Folate

5

What are 8 vitamins in vegetables and fruits?

Riboflavin
Niacin
Vitamin B6
Folate
Vitamin C
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamin K

6

What are one type of vitamins in oil?

Vitamin E

7

What are 4 kind of vitamins in milk and alternatives?

Riboflavin
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin B12

8

What are 11 kind of vitamins in meat and alternatives?

Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Biotin
Pantothenic acid
Folate
Vitamin B12
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin B6

9

What are vitamins susceptible to destruction to? 3 things

Heat, UV light and oxidation

10

Why are vitamins susceptible to destruction?

Because they are organic

11

What are 4 ways to prevent vitamin destruction?

- Refrigeration of fruits and vegetables
- Storing cut vegetables, fruits and juice in airtight containers to reduce oxidation
- Wash fruits and vegetables before cutting
- Steam vegetables in small amounts of water, avoid overcooking

12

What are two examples of water soluble vitamins?

Vitamins B and vitamin C

13

In absorption, how are water soluble vitamins absorbed?

Directly into blood

14

Do water soluble require a transport?

No

15

How are water soluble vitamins stored?

Free in aqueous compartments

16

How are water soluble excreted?

Readily via kidneys

17

How can you reach the toxicity level of water soluble vitamins?

By high consumption of water soluble vitamins supplements

18

How often are water soluble required?

Frequently (every 1 - 3 days)

19

What are 4 examples of fat soluble vitamins?

Vitamin A, D, E and K

20

How are fat soluble vitamins absorbed?

With lipids into the lymph system

21

Do fat soluble vitamins require a transport?

Yes they require a protein carriers.

22

How are fat soluble stored?

In cells associated with fat

23

How often are fat soluble excreted?

Not readily

24

How likely are you to reach the toxicity level of fat soluble vitamins?

More likely

25

How often are fat soluble vitamins required?

Periodically (weeks to months)

26

What are two functions of vitamin B?

- To act as a coenzymes by binding to enzymes to promote their activities
- Carry electrons, atoms, chemical groups.

27

What are 4 steps of vitamin B?

1. Vitamin B combines with a chemical group to form the functional coenzyme (active vitamin)
2. The functional coenzyme combines with the incomplete enzyme to form the active enzyme
3. The active enzyme binds to one or more molecules and accelerates the chemical reaction to form one or more new molecules
4. The new molecules are released, and the enzyme and coenzyme(vitamin) can be reused or separated

28

What is another name for B1?

Thiamin

29

What are 4 things thiamin found in?

Enriched grains, pork, seeds and nuts

30

Are vitamin B deficiency rare in north america?

Yes