Flashcards in BPK 110 Chapter 4 Deck (123)
Define unrefined carbohydrates
Carbohydrates sources eaten in their natural form or with minimal processing. Usually from whole food
Define refined carbohydrates
Processed carbohydrates. Typically have a portion of the grain removed and these type of carbohydrates can be a source of empty calories;lower in nutrient density
Define empty calories
calories from food containing no nutrients
A type of fortification which adds back some, not all, of the nutrients lost in processing
What do whole grains contain? 1 thing
What do kernel contain? 3 things
What are 4 type of grains
What are endosperms?
The inner big part of the grain. Primarily starch and also contains protein, vitamins and minerals
What are bran?
The outer part of the grain. Fibre and high in vitamins and minerals
What are germ?
The inner small part of the grain. Source of oil and rich in vitamin E
What is the difference between refined grain products and unrefined grain products? 2 things
- Refined grain products just contain the endosperm while the unrefined has everything
- Refined grain products last longer than unrefined grain products
What contains most of the carbohydrates of a grain wheat?
What contains most of the fiber and iron of a grain wheat?
What is germ of the grain wheat high in? 2 things
Protein and fat
What can our body absorb?
D) None of the above
What are monosaccharides? what are disaccharides and polysaccharides?
Monosaccharides = single sugar units
Disaccharides = 2 sugar units
Polysaccharides = 3+ sugar units
What are sugar, starches and fibre made out up?
Compounds of single sugar units. So in other words, polysaccharides
What are 3 things that are monosaccharides?
What are 3 things that are disaccharides
What is glucose?
A monosaccharide carbohydrate That circulates in the blood
What is galactose?
A monosaccharide carbohydrate that is part of milk sugar
What is lactose?
A disaccharide carbohydrate that is made up of glucose linked to galactose, and is often called milk sugar. It is found in milk, ice cream and other dairy products
What is fructose?
A monosaccharide carbohydrate that is found in fruits and vegetables. It makes up about half the sugar in honey and in the high-fructose corn syrup used to sweeten many foods and beverages.
What is maltose?
A disccharides carbohydrates that is made out of two glucose units. It is formed when starch is digested. The sweet taste you experience while eating beard is the maltose formed as the enzyme salivary amylase digests the starch within the beard.
What is sucrose?
A disaccharides carbohydrates that is made up of glucose and fructose. It is known as sugar.
What are intrinsic sugar?
Natural sugar found in food
Are there any benefit or nutritional value to eating added sugar?
What do eating added sugar contribute to? 8 things
The consumption of empty calories because of the low nutrient density.
It contributes to:
- increased risk of disease
- Cardiovascular disease
- Addictive food tendencies
- Dental caries
- Some form of ance
What are three things that make up a polysaccharides glucose?