Flashcards in Book 2 Cavour Deck (22)
In which state was Cavour born in 1811?
Cavour went to military school and spent some time in the army before entering politics. What reputation did he develop?
Visits to Britain and France sparked Cavour's interest in which areas of the economy?
industrial cities, railways and banking systems
Whilst running his family estate in the 1830s, he continued to study economics and wrote books. What key institution did he help set up in Turin?
Bank of Turin
How did Cavour take advantage of Charles Albert's free press in 1847?
Started his own publication Il Risorgimento and used it to publicise his non-revolutionary political ideas
Name 3 events Cavour used to gain personal power.
Connubio, appointment of Rattazzi, stabilising government post 1857 by sacking Rattazzi and allying with the right.
Why did Cavour temporarily resign in 1855?
Over opposition to his church reforms.
How did the Cavour stabilise government after 1857?
Sacked Rattazzi, stopped attacking the church and allied with the right.
Radicals rose up in Milan against the Austrians in 1853, how did Cavour respond?
Warned the Austrians and gained their favour
Piscane attempted a Mazzinian uprising in Naples in 1857, which failed. How did Cavour use this failure?
Cavour used failures to prove the unviability of republics and then persecute Mazzinian supporters in Piedmont, hence removing their threat.
Name two examples of how Cavour developed Piedmontese industry and commerce.
government subsidies, electric telegraph, canals
Name two Trade Agreements that Cavour organised.
Free trade with Belgium, France, Britain; foreign loans; foreign investment (e.g. railway and Cenis Tunnel)
Suggest two ways Cavour developed Piedmontese infrastructure.
The Sicilia, first Italian steam ship, modernised Port of Genoa, railway through Piedmont and international links, Mount Cenis tunnel, telegraph
What were the negative results of Cavour's economic reforms?
Increase in public debt, high interest foreign loans (especially to French)
Was Piedmont's foreign policy pro Italian Nationalism?
Not exactly, more anti-Austrian and pro Piedmontese expansion
What did Cavour consider the most important necessity to defeat the Austrians in the north?
A foreign ally
Why was 1850+ considered a good time to challenge the Austrians?
They appeared weakened by revolution, nationalist uprisings, Prussia's economic challenge
Where is the Crimean peninsula?
Off of the tip of the Ukraine in the Black Sea
Who were Britain, France and Turkey fighting to protect Crimea 1854-56?
Why did Cavour send Piedmontese troops to Crimea in 1855?
To gain a foreign ally
Why did the Crimean War make Piedmont look good and Austria look bad?
Austria remained neutral, which Britain and France resented