The arch of the aorta contains three branches. The first and largest branch is called the:
Innominate Artery (Right Brachiocephalic Artery)
The second branch of the aortic arch is called the:
Left Common Carotid Artery
The third branch of the aortic arch is called the:
Left Subclavian Artery
The innominate artery divides into two branches. The branch going upward is called the:
Right Common Carotid Artery
The other branch of the innominate artery extends towards the right arm. It is called the:
Right Subclavian Artery
Branching off both the right and left subclavian arteries and extending upwards towards the head are:
- The right branch comes from the right subclavian artery and the left branch coes from the left subclaving artery.
Vertebral Arteries (1st branch)
The subclavian arteries supply blood to the:
At the outer border of the first rib, the subclavian artery becomes the:
After the subclavian artery passes the first rib, it is called the axillary artery. After the axillary artery passes the axilla (armpit), it is called the:
Just below the elbow, the brachial artery divides into two branches:
- The Radial Artery
- The Ulnar Artery
Both the radial and the ulnar arteries extend into the palm of the hand where they subdivide into the:
Superficial and Deep Volar Arches
The superficial and deep volar arches extend into the:
From the digital arteries, the blood flows into __1__ and then into ___2___ in order to nourish the cells.
Heart → ascending aorta → Left Subclavian Artery → Axillary Artery → Brachial Artery → Radial and Ulnar Arteries → Superficial and Deep Volar Arches → Digital Arteries → Arterioles → Capillaries
Path of Blood From the Heart to the Capillaries of the Left Hand
From the capillaries, the blood flows into the:
The venules then carry the blood to the:
Superficial and Deep Volar Venous Arches
The blood from the superficial volar venous arches flows into a network of superficial veins, the:
Dorsal Venous Network of The Hand
From the dorsal venous network, two large veins extend superficially upward, returning blood towards the heart. They are the:
Cephalic Vein and Basilic Vein
Extends superficially from the dorsal venous network along the thumb side of the arm.
Extends superficially upward along the little finger side of the arm.
The cephalic vein extends superficially upward to empty into the:
The basilic vein extends superficially upward and joins the ____1____ to form the _____2____.
- Brachial Vein
- Axillary Vein
The blood from the venules enters the superficial and deep volar venous arches. The superficial volar venous arches branch into the cephalic and basilic veins. The deep volar venous arches branch into the:
Radial and Ulnar Veins
The radial and ulnar veins combine just below the elbow to form the:
The brachial vein extends upwards into the:
Also recieves blood flowing from the cephalic vein as well as from the basilic vein which joined the brachial vein.
The Axillary Vein
On the right side, the axillary vein extends into the ___1___. On the left side, the axillary vein extends into the ___2____.
- Right Subclavian Vein
- Left Subclavian Vein
The axillary vein extends into the:
The right subclavian vein empties into the _____1____. The left subclavian vein empties into the ____2____.
- Right Innominate (Brachiocephalic) Vein
- Left Innominate (Brachiocephalic) Vein
The right and left innominate veins empty into the:
Superior Vena Cava