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Flashcards in Blake Critics & Context Deck (54)
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1

Zachary Leader quote

'Distanced and calculation, much too knowing to be calculated'

2

Critic for London

Timothy Vines

3

Timothy Vines quote

London charges Parliament with perpetuating the wretchedness of the human condition

4

What did Thomas Paine say about London?

A market where every man knows his place, and corruption is common traffic

5

How many prostitutes worked in London?

50,000

6

What percentage of prostitutes is estimated to have had syphilis?

40%

7

Even who were treated for venereal disease?

Children

8

What was published in London every year

The List of Covent Garden Ladies

9

What paid for poor relief?

Local taxes

10

Who paid taxes to help the poor?

Local parishioners

11

How many paupers were in workhouses in 1777?

90,000

12

Why was vagabond a derogatory term?

Parishioners did not want to pay for people passing through

13

When did the gin craze take place?

The first half of the 18th century

14

What did the Middlesex magistrates say about the epidemic of drunkenness?

They noted that gin was popular among 'the inferior set of people'

15

Context for Holy Thursday (innocence)

Holy Thursday, or ascension day

16

What took place on ascension day?

The poor children from charity schools went to St. Paul's cathedral to sing the praises of their benefactors.

17

Charity schools...?!?!?

Established by wealthy benefactors; there was no national system of education before the 19th century. Some members of the wealthy classes feared that educating the poor would upset the social order.

18

Holy Thursday (Experience)

Pastoral poetry

19

What is pastoral poetry?

Pastoral poetry deals with rural life, typically drawing a contrast between the innocence of the countryside and the misery of city life. Often in elegiac form, lamenting the loss of a golden age.

20

What is anti-pastoral?!?

Anti-pastoral works criticise the artificiality of the pastoral tradition, because it obscures the hardships faced by those in rural areas.

21

Context for nurse's songs

Children's verse

22

What kind of children's verse was in fashion during the 18th century

Improving and moralistic, with a simple form.

23

Who wrote 'a token for children'?

James janeway

24

What is covered in Janeway's verse?

The deaths of young children, give in accounts of their sins, which included disobedience and boisterousness

25

Who argued that Blake satirises children's verse?

John Holloway

26

Why did Blake reject conventional religion?

Blake saw Christianity of his day as distorting true spiritual life, changing religion into a system of moral laws which bound people in shame and fear of punishment.

27

What did Blake, as a dissenter, reject?

The notion of a transcendent, external God

28

How did Blake believe the traditional image of God was formed?

Made when people 'fell' into divided selfhood, interpreting the world solely through the point of experience.

29

According to Blake, what was the Fall?

Not a fall into sin, but a fall into a distorted way of seeing God as vengeful and punitive.

30

Chimney sweeper context

...chimney sweeping.