Flashcards in Behavioural Theories of Anxiety and Depression Deck (23)
Aside from Prozac, give an example of another SSRI often used for treatment in anxiety
What is "Learning"?
A permanent change in behaviour that results from experience
What is the hypothesized neuronal basis for Learning Behaviour? 3 examples
1. Amygdala (involved in learning & fear)
2. More axonal connections between neurones
3. Increased NT release efficiency between neurones
What is Associative Learning?
Learning that certain events go together
What are the two types of Associative Learning?
What is Vicarious learning?
Learning by direct observation, i.e. modelling
What is Classical conditioning also known as?
What is Operant conditioning also known as?
Who was Classical conditioning described by?
Who was Operant conditioning described by?
Out of the two types of Associative learning, which is "passive"?
Out of the two types of Associative learning, which is "active"?
Describe Classical Conditioning
A learning process where a neutral stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus by repeated pairing
Describe Operant Conditioning
The alteration of behaviour by reward or punishment
What are the four types of Operant Conditioning subtypes?
In the case of Pavlov's dogs, what was the UCS, UCR, and CS and CR?
UCS = food
UCR = saliva
CS = bell
CR = salivation due to bell only
What is Positive Reinforcement?
Giving a stimulus leads to an increase effect on behaviour
What is Punishment?
Giving a stimulus leads to a decrease effect on behaviour
What is Negative Reinforcement?
Removing a stimulus causes an increase effect on behaviour
What is Extinction?
Removing a stimulus causes a decrease effect on behaviour
For Positive Reinforcement to be effective, what does the reinforcer have to be?
Immediate or linked to the act
Picking up a crying baby, for the mother is a form of..?