Behavioural Theories of Anxiety and Depression Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 1 Block 6 (Psychological Medicine) > Behavioural Theories of Anxiety and Depression > Flashcards

Flashcards in Behavioural Theories of Anxiety and Depression Deck (23)
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1

Aside from Prozac, give an example of another SSRI often used for treatment in anxiety

Citalopram

2

What is "Learning"?

A permanent change in behaviour that results from experience

3

What is the hypothesized neuronal basis for Learning Behaviour? 3 examples

1. Amygdala (involved in learning & fear)
2. More axonal connections between neurones
3. Increased NT release efficiency between neurones

4

What is Associative Learning?

Learning that certain events go together

5

What are the two types of Associative Learning?

Classical conditioning

Operant conditioning

6

What is Vicarious learning?

Learning by direct observation, i.e. modelling

7

What is Classical conditioning also known as?

Respondent learning

8

What is Operant conditioning also known as?

Instrumental learning

9

Who was Classical conditioning described by?

Pavlov

10

Who was Operant conditioning described by?

Skinner

11

Out of the two types of Associative learning, which is "passive"?

Classical Conditioning

12

Out of the two types of Associative learning, which is "active"?

Operant Conditioning

13

Describe Classical Conditioning

A learning process where a neutral stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus by repeated pairing

14

Describe Operant Conditioning

The alteration of behaviour by reward or punishment

15

What are the four types of Operant Conditioning subtypes?

Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Punishment
Extinction

16

In the case of Pavlov's dogs, what was the UCS, UCR, and CS and CR?

UCS = food
UCR = saliva
CS = bell
CR = salivation due to bell only

17

What is Positive Reinforcement?

Giving a stimulus leads to an increase effect on behaviour

18

What is Punishment?

Giving a stimulus leads to a decrease effect on behaviour

19

What is Negative Reinforcement?

Removing a stimulus causes an increase effect on behaviour

20

What is Extinction?

Removing a stimulus causes a decrease effect on behaviour

21

For Positive Reinforcement to be effective, what does the reinforcer have to be?

Immediate or linked to the act

22

Picking up a crying baby, for the mother is a form of..?

Negative Reinforcement

23

How do you treat a phobia?

Graded exposure of object which makes you fearful will make you eventually habituated to it