Flashcards in Behavioral Observation and Screening Deck (94)
________is when a child care worker recognizes and notes an identifiable performance or behavior and uses instruments such as checklists, anecdotal records, and running records. These instruments are used to measure progress against a standard and to share results with assessment experts.
_________means an instrument intended to identify and monitor typical development or possible developmental delay. Screening programs are not diagnostic, and are not based on
whether a child has passed a certain curriculum.
How do we identify the child who is lagging behind his age-mates?
By actively paying attention through a program of regularly scheduled screening and appropriate follow up when necessary
How can we identify children with developmental delays earlier in life rather than later?
By observing them and conducting developmental screening with infants, toddlers, and preschoolers
Why do we need this course?
This course is required by Florida Statute 402.305 which describes “Licensing Standards: childcare programs”
Part of the reason we are in this class is because ____________the said we must complete it
The Florida Legislature
Early detection of problems allows timely referral for .
The caregiver’s attention can be focused on activities that __________the child’s skills.
Increased volume and quality of information is available to parents regarding in-the-home activities that________typical development.
Screeening provides a common reference point and basis for interaction for______, ______,and _______development specialists.
Why do we use the analogy of a window when we discuss brain development?
When a window is open, air and other things have free access to the space within, but, when the window is closed, nothing can get through the window.
We learn throughout our lives, but it seems that there are early periods during which our brains most easily acquire the basic foundations for later ________development.
If we miss an early window of opportunity, some later development is more difficult or even sometimes _________ compromised.
When we discover that a child is struggling with a developmental task, we can involve that child in activities and exercises that place _______emphasis on the skills he needs to acquire
Do a child’s family members know what they are looking for?
For example: do you think a Dad knows how many words his child should be able to say at age two or three –or- does a Mom know when to expect her child to be able to stand on leg for five seconds…….Probably not.
Who is in the best position to detect early problems and provide parents with accurate, timely information about their child’s development?
The caregiver who sees the child often
Most caregivers understand basic child development
Development in young children occurs_______ and typically progresses in_________
Early childhood educators must recognize not only the existence of general stages and ________
of development, but also the enormous
that __________there is between children. It is quite typical to see a variation in the patterns and timing of growth and development.
Skills are acquired in a_________.
A sequence or pattern of development consists of predictable_______ along a developmental pathway that is common for the majority of children.
refers to the changes in body shape and proportion. It includes changes in weight, height, head circumference, visual perception, hearing, etc.
refers to a child’s ability to move about and control various body parts. Examples include grasping, rolling over, sitting up, hopping on one foot, etc.
Cognitive Development and General Knowledge
refers to the child’s intellectual or mental abilities. It involves finding, processing, and organizing information, and using it appropriately. It includes such skills and activities as discovering, interpreting, sorting, classifying, and remembering information.
Language and communication
refers to a child’s ability to express himself verbally and to receive and understand the verbal communication of others. It also involves a child’s ability to learn vocabulary and grammar, and includes reading, writing and the ability to construct an understanding of things around them.
Social and emotional
a broad area that focuses on how children feel about themselves and their relationships with others. It refers to children’s individual behaviors and responses to play and work, activities, attachments to parents and caregivers, and relationships with siblings and friends.
Approaches to learning
refers to how skills and knowledge are acquired through the three qualities of eagerness and curiosity; persistence and creativity and problem solving.
We will also use age-level expectancies, which represent a_____________ (rather than an exact point in time) when specific skills will be achieved.
Age expectancies for specific skills should always be interpreted as approximate ________in a range of months.
Again, it is _________and not age that is the important factor in evaluating a child’s progress.