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Flashcards in Behavior Therapy Deck (27)
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How did behavioral therapy develop?

It was out of reaction to psychoaanalysis, it was a way to explain observable human behaviors.

1

Who introduced social learning theory?

Albert bandura

2

How do RADICAL BEHAVIORISTS view human nature?

human behavior is a PRODUCT of the environment

3

How do MODERN BEHAVIORISTS view human nature?

It is the PRODUCER & PRODUCT of the environment.

4

What are the 3 general views of human nature for behavioral therapy?

- All human behavior is governed by basic learning principles
- Humans are neither good/gad; they react to their environment
- All people are capable of modifying behavior under the right circumstances.q

5

What are the four developmental periods of Behavioral therapy?

- Classical conditioning
- Operant conditioning
- Social learning theory
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

6

What is classical conditioning?

Learning by association

7

How does classical conditioning work?

Pairing a previous neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus

8

What is operant conditioning? who made a great contribution?

- Learning by reinforcement and punishment
- Skinner
- The reinforcement increases likelihood that a behavior will occur
- Punishment decreases likelihood a behavior will occur.

9

What is shaping?
How does it work in operant conditioning?

-Taking a small tendecy in the right direction and shifting it, one small step at a time toward an ultimate goal.

- Begins by establishing small intermediate goals and reinforcing successive movement toward that goal.

10

How does extinction work in classical conditioning?

- Removing the outcome decreases the probability that the response will be made.

11

What is social learning theory?

- learning that occurs through observation.

12

Behavior only continues so long as it is____.

Reinforced

13

The counselor in Behavioral therapy is known as a ____ but also an expert in Behavior theory and techniques.

warm educator or guide

14

What are some characteristics of the therapeutic relationship and process?

- counselor warm educator or guide.
- teach client to control their own behavior
- open and honest how technique work
- client and counselor agree on goals
- counselor act as a positive reinforcer

15

What is systematic desentization?

- pairing relaxation with some anxiety provoking thing
- Ex: someone who is giving a presentation, pair it with something that is relaxing.
- Anxiety will become an incomapatible behavior over a period of time.

16

What is assertiveness training?

Assertin inhibits passively and aggression in relationships

17

What is sexual arousal?

- Relaxation and arousal inhibit anxiety related seual activity

18

What is stimulus control? and what type of situations is it used in?

- Avoid problems and replace with healthier alternatie
- situations like avoiding high risk drinking.

19

What are the four counter conditioning techniques?

- Systematic desensitazion
- Assertiveness training
- Sexual arousal
- Stimulus control

20

What is exposure therapy? why is it used?

- It is similar and often combined with counter conditioning techniques.
- It is used because an individual may experience anxiety when in contact with fear producer, but it will go away on its own because impossible to create anxiety for a long time.

21

What is the difference between imaginal vs. in- vivo vs flooding exposure therapies?

-Imaginal: someone just imagines the anxiety provoking stimulus.
- In- vivo: exposing someone to feared stimulus or situation
eX: making someone give a speech in person.
- Flooding: presenting someone with most fear and anxiety provoking with out prior treatment--> not paired with anything

22

What are some characteristics of the therapeutic process of behavior therapy?

-Essential assessment
- Obtain a baseline
- Complete a functional analysis
- Action oriented psycho education
- past exploration and insight are not emphasized
- Homework
- Brief

23

What is the functional assessment of behavior?

- A method to help change a person's behavior
- ABC model: Antecedents-->Behaviors-->Consequences

24

What are the 3 c's in major forms of behavioral therapy?

- Counter conditioning- based on classical conditioning.
- contingency management: based on operant conditioning
-Cognitive behavioral modification influence on cognition in behavior.

25

What are the contingency management categories and techniques?

- Environmental contingencies shape, maintain, and extinguish behavior
- Example techniques are contracting and token economy systems.

26

What are the strengths and limitations to this theory?

Strengths
_________
- Specific, task oriented approach
- Time-limited
- Objectivity
- Demonstratable outcomes
- Problem-solving and skills based approaches
- Does not foster dependence on the therapist

Limitations
__________
- Potential minimization of the role of context
- Does not focus on feelings
- Focus on pathology