Flashcards in Behavior Therapy Deck (27)
How did behavioral therapy develop?
It was out of reaction to psychoaanalysis, it was a way to explain observable human behaviors.
Who introduced social learning theory?
How do RADICAL BEHAVIORISTS view human nature?
human behavior is a PRODUCT of the environment
How do MODERN BEHAVIORISTS view human nature?
It is the PRODUCER & PRODUCT of the environment.
What are the 3 general views of human nature for behavioral therapy?
- All human behavior is governed by basic learning principles
- Humans are neither good/gad; they react to their environment
- All people are capable of modifying behavior under the right circumstances.q
What are the four developmental periods of Behavioral therapy?
- Classical conditioning
- Operant conditioning
- Social learning theory
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
What is classical conditioning?
Learning by association
How does classical conditioning work?
Pairing a previous neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus
What is operant conditioning? who made a great contribution?
- Learning by reinforcement and punishment
- The reinforcement increases likelihood that a behavior will occur
- Punishment decreases likelihood a behavior will occur.
What is shaping?
How does it work in operant conditioning?
-Taking a small tendecy in the right direction and shifting it, one small step at a time toward an ultimate goal.
- Begins by establishing small intermediate goals and reinforcing successive movement toward that goal.
How does extinction work in classical conditioning?
- Removing the outcome decreases the probability that the response will be made.
What is social learning theory?
- learning that occurs through observation.
Behavior only continues so long as it is____.
The counselor in Behavioral therapy is known as a ____ but also an expert in Behavior theory and techniques.
warm educator or guide
What are some characteristics of the therapeutic relationship and process?
- counselor warm educator or guide.
- teach client to control their own behavior
- open and honest how technique work
- client and counselor agree on goals
- counselor act as a positive reinforcer
What is systematic desentization?
- pairing relaxation with some anxiety provoking thing
- Ex: someone who is giving a presentation, pair it with something that is relaxing.
- Anxiety will become an incomapatible behavior over a period of time.
What is assertiveness training?
Assertin inhibits passively and aggression in relationships
What is sexual arousal?
- Relaxation and arousal inhibit anxiety related seual activity
What is stimulus control? and what type of situations is it used in?
- Avoid problems and replace with healthier alternatie
- situations like avoiding high risk drinking.
What are the four counter conditioning techniques?
- Systematic desensitazion
- Assertiveness training
- Sexual arousal
- Stimulus control
What is exposure therapy? why is it used?
- It is similar and often combined with counter conditioning techniques.
- It is used because an individual may experience anxiety when in contact with fear producer, but it will go away on its own because impossible to create anxiety for a long time.
What is the difference between imaginal vs. in- vivo vs flooding exposure therapies?
-Imaginal: someone just imagines the anxiety provoking stimulus.
- In- vivo: exposing someone to feared stimulus or situation
eX: making someone give a speech in person.
- Flooding: presenting someone with most fear and anxiety provoking with out prior treatment--> not paired with anything
What are some characteristics of the therapeutic process of behavior therapy?
- Obtain a baseline
- Complete a functional analysis
- Action oriented psycho education
- past exploration and insight are not emphasized
What is the functional assessment of behavior?
- A method to help change a person's behavior
- ABC model: Antecedents-->Behaviors-->Consequences
What are the 3 c's in major forms of behavioral therapy?
- Counter conditioning- based on classical conditioning.
- contingency management: based on operant conditioning
-Cognitive behavioral modification influence on cognition in behavior.
What are the contingency management categories and techniques?
- Environmental contingencies shape, maintain, and extinguish behavior
- Example techniques are contracting and token economy systems.