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Flashcards in Basics of Nutrition Deck (32)
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1

Fats are also known as ______.

Lipids.

2

Proteins contain _____ acids.

Amino.

3

Retinoic acid is used in the treatment of ____.

Acne.

4

Also known as vitamin P:

Bioflavanoids.

5

A measure of heat units from food is called:

Calories.

6

Minerals are required for:

Many reactions of the cells.

7

Compounds that break down the basic chemical sugars and supply the body with energy are known as:

Carbohydrates.

8

Arteriorsclerosis is:

Hardening of the arteries.

9

A condition when blood sugar drops too low is called:

Hypoglycemia.

10

Inorganic materials that are essential in many cells:

Minerals.

11

An example of this would be glucose...

Gluten.

12

Too much of these in the diet can cause obesity.

Sugars.

13

This is a catalyst that breaks down food:

Enzymes.

14

Fatty acids are a ploy saturated fat necessary for:

Brain function.

15

_______ are a chain of amino acids used in cell functions for the body growth.

Proteins.

16

Vitamin ___ is an antioxidant that helps protect the skin.

E.

17

_____ _____ are the basic building blocks necessary for bodily functions, including the skin.

Amino acids.

18

Proteins are used in the duplication of _______.

Antibodies.

19

Collagen and elastin are made from ______.

Protein.

20

Vegetarians can consume proteins from nuts, grains, vegetables and _____.

Legumes.

21

A deficiency in protein can lead to _______.

Anemia.

22

Mucopolysaccharides are carbohydrate-lipid complex that are good _____ _______.

Water binders.

23

The three types of carbohydrates are simple sugars, _____ and ________.

Starches, fibers.

24

Two categories of carbohydrates:

Soluable and insoluble.

25

High fiber foods:

Grains, brans, apples and beans.

26

Fats are used as energy, but not as readily as ____________.

Carbohydrates.

27

Fats in the body make _______ as well as create cell membranes.

Hormones.

28

95% of fat intake comes from _____________.

Triglycerides.

29

A "good" polyunsaturated fat that may decrease the clogging of the arteries is called ____ 3 ______ ______.

Omega 3 fatty acids.

30

The "good" polyunsaturated fat may be found in tuna, trout and ______.

Salmon.