Flashcards in Basic Political Structure Deck (16)
Who elects the consul?
Elected by the comitia centura
Powers of the consul
Chief magistrates preside over the senate
Served as military magistrates
Represented Rome in foreign affairs
'Lesser' magistrates who administered civil law in Rome and could assume consular duties in the consul's absence.
Who elects the censor?
Senior magistrates who were elected every 5 years for a one and a half tear term.
They were in charge of the conduct of the masses
In charge of property assessments for tax purposes
In charge of the control of public morals
In charge of the supervision of public contract lease
Who elected the Curule aedile?
Powers of the curule aedile
Supervision of the games, markets, religious festivals, temples
In charge of the upkeep of the city
In charge of grain supply
Who elected the quaestor?
Power of the quaestor
In charge of the state treasury
Who elected the tribune?
Powers of the tribune
'Negative powers' - right to veto a magistrate or any official act including elections, laws, decrees of the senate.
'Positive powers' - could convene the senate, the consilium plebis
They passed plebiscites (referendum)
Appointed by the consuls in a time of military emergency. They had full imperium for 6 months, or the length of time of the emergency (whatever is shorter)
Function - election of the highest magistrates, declaration of war, passing of law, highest court in cases of capital punishment
Breakdown of comitia centura
Equites - 18 votes
Class I - 70 votes
Class II-V - 100 votes
Army units - 4 votes
Capita censi - 1 vote
Tribal units of 4 urban and 31 rural tribes
Function - election of junior magistrates, passing of plebiscites