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Flashcards in Basic Political Structure Deck (16)
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1

Who elects the consul?

Elected by the comitia centura

2

Powers of the consul

Chief magistrates preside over the senate
Administered legislation
Served as military magistrates
Represented Rome in foreign affairs
Appointed dictators

3

Praetor

'Lesser' magistrates who administered civil law in Rome and could assume consular duties in the consul's absence.

4

Who elects the censor?

Comitia centura

5

Censor's powers

Senior magistrates who were elected every 5 years for a one and a half tear term.
They were in charge of the conduct of the masses
In charge of property assessments for tax purposes
In charge of the control of public morals
In charge of the supervision of public contract lease

6

Who elected the Curule aedile?

Comitia tributa

7

Powers of the curule aedile

Supervision of the games, markets, religious festivals, temples
In charge of the upkeep of the city
In charge of grain supply

8

Who elected the quaestor?

Comitia tributa

9

Power of the quaestor

In charge of the state treasury

10

Who elected the tribune?

Consilium plebis

11

Powers of the tribune

'Negative powers' - right to veto a magistrate or any official act including elections, laws, decrees of the senate.
'Positive powers' - could convene the senate, the consilium plebis
They passed plebiscites (referendum)

12

Dictator

Appointed by the consuls in a time of military emergency. They had full imperium for 6 months, or the length of time of the emergency (whatever is shorter)

13

Comitia centura

193 centuries.
Function - election of the highest magistrates, declaration of war, passing of law, highest court in cases of capital punishment

14

Breakdown of comitia centura

Equites - 18 votes
Class I - 70 votes
Class II-V - 100 votes
Army units - 4 votes
Capita censi - 1 vote

15

Comitia tributa

Tribal units of 4 urban and 31 rural tribes
Function - election of junior magistrates, passing of plebiscites

16

Senate

Composed of 300 (600under Sulla) magistrates and ex-magistrates who were elected by the sensors for life.
They were technically advisory, but the senate controlled public finances, made foreign affairs decisions, assigned military commands...