Baroque and Medieval- test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Baroque and Medieval- test 2 Deck (55)
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1

Gregorian chant

which consists of melody set to sacred Latin texts and sung without accompaniment.
(The chant is monophonic in texture.)

2

church modes

Similar to the major and minor scales, but uses a different pattern of intervals to give them an “otherwordly” sound

3

Pope Gregory

He reorganized the Catholic liturgy; Even though he is credited with its creation,
Gregorian chant evolved over hundreds of year

4

Word painting

Musical representation of specific images

5

Palestrina

An important Italian Renaissance composer; He composed exclusively for the Catholic Church;
He was the music director for St. Peter’s in Rome; He composed 104 masses and approximately
450 other sacred works

6

6. Terraced dynamics

loud then soft; no crescendos or diminuendos

7

basso continuo

--harpsichord and a cello or bassoon

8

figured bass

A system of numbers that the keyboard player would have to interpret to create the chords

9

movement

piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition

10

tutti

the full orchestra or a large group of musicians contrasted with a smaller group

11

ritornello

a repeated section of music usually played by the full orchestra; the refrain

12

libretto

text of an opera

13

aria

song for solo voice with orchestra accompaniment; expresses an emotional state through melody

14

recitative

vocal line which imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech

15

chorus

a group of singers performing together

16

overture or prelude

orchestral composition which opens an opera

17

castrato

male singer castrated before puberty to retain high voice range

18

trill

the rapid alternation of two musical pitches

19

French overture

opening piece in Baroque suite; two parts—first with dotted rhythms and the second quick

20

chorale

hymn tune sung to a German religious text

21

chorale prelude

short composition for organ, based on a hymn tune

22

concerto gross

composition for several instrument soloists and small orchestra

23

fugue

polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject

24

opera

drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment on one main theme or subject

25

sonata

an instrumental composition in several movements for 1 to 8 players

26

trio sonata

three melodic lines; played by 3 instruments and a basso continuo

27

solo concerto

a piece for a single soloist and an orchestr

28

prelude and fugue

short piece usually serving to introduce the fugue; polyphonic composition

29

mass

sacred choral composition made up of five sections

30

What are the parts of the Ordinary of the Mass?

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus dei