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Flashcards in Avian/Ferrets/Rabbits Deck (162)
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91

What are signs of "wool block?"

lethargy, anorexia, reduced number or small dry fecal pellets

92

What are signs of GI obstruction?

anorexia, depression, no feces or diarrhea, bloat

93

How can you prevent GI obstruction?

feeding adequate dietary roughage and minimizing stress and boredom

94

Enteritis in a rabbit is usually associated with decreased _____ resulting in diarrhea.

GI motitlity

95

Diarrhea is often associated with diet and dietary changes:

1) lack of ______-> decreased GI motility

2) soluble CHO overload-> alteration of _____

1) dietary fiber 2) cecal pH

96

Stress can cause decreased ______.

GI motility

97

______ results from secretion of bacterial toxins

Enterotoxemia

98

______(iota toxin) is the best documented cause of enterotoxemia in rabbits, especially in juveniles.

Clostridium spiroforme

99

Colonization of bacteria occurs in the GI tract with stress or after treatment with certain antibiotics->_______

antibiotic-induced diarrhea

100

What are some antibiotics you do not administer to rabbits?

1) Penicillins (Amoxicillin, Clavamox)

2) Cephalosporins

3) Ampicillin

101

T/F Injectable Penicillin Procaine, Ampicillin and some cephalosporins are sued sometimes with caution.

true

102

In commercial facilities enteric diseases are most common in ____ rabbits.

weanling

103

Rabbit urine contain which types of crystals?

calcium monohydrate and ammonium magnesium phosphate (triple phosphate)

104

Rabbit urine:

1) basic or acidic?

2) color?

3) crystals may predispose to?

1) basic (alkaline)

2) may be orange or red to red brown(dipstick differentiates form true hematuria)

3) bacterial cystitis (struvite) or urolithiasis (calcium carbonate)

105

T/F Rabbit's bladders are large, thin walled, and prone to rupture so express or cystocentesis with care.

true

106

What is a female rabbit called? Male?

Doe, Buck

107

Does have a bicornate uterus, meaning? They also have a double ____.

they have 2 uterine horns, double cervix

108

Buck's have testes that descend into hairless scrotum at 12 weeks old; their _____ remain open for life.

inguinal canals

109

The scrotal sacs of Bucks are located _____ to the penis, they have no _____ and no _____.

crainal, os penis, no nipples

110

Both sexes have inguinal (perineal) pouches containing _____ located bilaterally just off the midline, lateral to the external genitalia.

scent glands

111

T/F Does mature earlier than Bucks.

true

112

Doe has periods of receptivity lasting 4-17 days interspersed with 1-2 day periods of inactivity during which a new wave of follicles is formed due to ________

no defined estrous cycle

113

Does are _______ and ovulate 9-13 hours after coitus

induced ovulators

114

What age is spaying recommended for pet rabbits?

buck- 3-5 mo doe-5-8 mo

115

Uterine _____ is very common and it increases with age

adenocarcinoma

116

Which bones in rabbits are prone to fractures?

long bones (especially tibia) and spine

117

______ fractures typically ___ occurs most often when improperly ____ and allowed to kick out

Lumbar, L7, restrained

118

Rabbits do not have neutrophils they have?

heterophils

119

What is the major respiratory disease of rabbits and probably the most important disease of rabbits? What is the cause of it?

Pasteurellosis, Pasteurella multocida

120

What disease is this: serous to mucopurulent nasal and/or ocular discharge +/- swollen eyelids, "snuffy" sound to respiration, matted fur due to nasal discharge on medial aspect of forelimbs

Rhinitis ("snuffles")