What are signs of "wool block?"
lethargy, anorexia, reduced number or small dry fecal pellets
What are signs of GI obstruction?
anorexia, depression, no feces or diarrhea, bloat
How can you prevent GI obstruction?
feeding adequate dietary roughage and minimizing stress and boredom
Enteritis in a rabbit is usually associated with decreased _____ resulting in diarrhea.
Diarrhea is often associated with diet and dietary changes:
1) lack of ______-> decreased GI motility
2) soluble CHO overload-> alteration of _____
1) dietary fiber 2) cecal pH
Stress can cause decreased ______.
______ results from secretion of bacterial toxins
______(iota toxin) is the best documented cause of enterotoxemia in rabbits, especially in juveniles.
Colonization of bacteria occurs in the GI tract with stress or after treatment with certain antibiotics->_______
What are some antibiotics you do not administer to rabbits?
1) Penicillins (Amoxicillin, Clavamox)
T/F Injectable Penicillin Procaine, Ampicillin and some cephalosporins are sued sometimes with caution.
In commercial facilities enteric diseases are most common in ____ rabbits.
Rabbit urine contain which types of crystals?
calcium monohydrate and ammonium magnesium phosphate (triple phosphate)
1) basic or acidic?
3) crystals may predispose to?
1) basic (alkaline)
2) may be orange or red to red brown(dipstick differentiates form true hematuria)
3) bacterial cystitis (struvite) or urolithiasis (calcium carbonate)
T/F Rabbit's bladders are large, thin walled, and prone to rupture so express or cystocentesis with care.
What is a female rabbit called? Male?
Does have a bicornate uterus, meaning? They also have a double ____.
they have 2 uterine horns, double cervix
Buck's have testes that descend into hairless scrotum at 12 weeks old; their _____ remain open for life.
The scrotal sacs of Bucks are located _____ to the penis, they have no _____ and no _____.
crainal, os penis, no nipples
Both sexes have inguinal (perineal) pouches containing _____ located bilaterally just off the midline, lateral to the external genitalia.
T/F Does mature earlier than Bucks.
Doe has periods of receptivity lasting 4-17 days interspersed with 1-2 day periods of inactivity during which a new wave of follicles is formed due to ________
no defined estrous cycle
Does are _______ and ovulate 9-13 hours after coitus
What age is spaying recommended for pet rabbits?
buck- 3-5 mo doe-5-8 mo
Uterine _____ is very common and it increases with age
Which bones in rabbits are prone to fractures?
long bones (especially tibia) and spine
______ fractures typically ___ occurs most often when improperly ____ and allowed to kick out
Lumbar, L7, restrained
Rabbits do not have neutrophils they have?
What is the major respiratory disease of rabbits and probably the most important disease of rabbits? What is the cause of it?
Pasteurellosis, Pasteurella multocida
What disease is this: serous to mucopurulent nasal and/or ocular discharge +/- swollen eyelids, "snuffy" sound to respiration, matted fur due to nasal discharge on medial aspect of forelimbs