Rabbit teeth are ______ which means open-rooted and grow continuously.
If rabbits and guinea pigs are housed together, what can the rabbit give to the guinea pig?
Rabbit's second set of upper incisors are known as ______ located directly ____ the first pair.
peg teeth, behind
What is the major difference between lagamorphs and rodents?
lagamorphs have peg teeth
What is malocculsion? What can cause it?
-improperly aligned teeth, -dental carie(cavity), -congenital (recessive genetic trait) -tooth root infection -trauma to head or teeth -often in brachycephalic dwarf and lop breeds
T/F Most often in rabbits it's an incisor malocclusion, but there can be occlusion of molar teeth also.
To trim rabbit teeth use a ______ or dental burr, never use a Resco nail trimmer because it can cause a tooth root infection.
Rabbit's anatomic arrangement of ___ and _____ prevents vomiting.
The oral cavity of a rabbit is small with a narrow ______.
The stomach of a rabbit is ______, thin walled with a reservoir for food.
T/F A rabbit's stomach is never completely empty even after fasting
Rabbits have a long GI tract that is ______ the length of their body. The two areas of prominent gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) is in ________.
Distal end of ileum widens forming the ______ (ileocecal tonsil) the site of FB obstruction.
Rabbits are hindgut fermenters where fermentation via bacteria takes places in the ______.
What is the largest organ in a rabbit's abdomen?
What is the difference between normal rabbit feces and night feces?
normal-firm, round, dry (2/3 of fecal output) night-clumps of smaller, soft, mucus coated
What is another name for night feces?
cecotrophs (from the cecum)
When do rabbits usually ingest cecotrophy?
early morning hours directly from the anus
Cecotrophy is recycling and assimilation of ______, _____, and _____
B vitamins, proteins, water
Cecotrophy begins between _______ of age and corresponds to when baby rabbits start eating solid food.
Elizabethan collars will prevent _____.
Rabbits are herbivores that should be fed mostly good quality ______ and green leafy vegetables (offered once or twice daily) and _____ quantities of commercial rabbit pellets.
grass hay, limited
Timothy hay should be given _______. Alfalfa hay is not recommended for adults because the high protein and calcium can predispose to _____ or calcium carbonate sludge in bladder.
free choice, cystoliths (bladder stones)
T/F Rabbits do not always need hay.
false-always must have hay
What greens have little nutritional value? Which should only be offered in small amounts?
1) iceberg and head lettuce 2) spinach, kale, cabbage (high in oxalates/goitrogens)
Commercial pellets should have at least 18% fiber and less than 16% (12-14%) protein and should not contain what?
animal products, dried fruits or veggies, nut or seeds or colored "puffs"
A Rabbit's GI tract is designed to digest fiber not ___, ____, and ____.
CHOs, fats, and sugars
What is true regarding feed pellets:
a. limit feed pellets no more than 1/4 cup per 5 lbs body weight per day for adults
b. juveniles (4-7 or 8 mo old) can have free choice pellets until they reach maturity
c. over feeding pellets can lead to overeating, obesity, dental problems and chronic diarrhea
d. rabbits don't need to be fed pellets at all if being fed appropriate amounts of hay and veggies e. all of the above
e. all of the above
What is GI disease most commonly associated with?
_________ (not enough hay) causes decreased intestinal motility and possibly predisposes to barbering and ingestion of fur which causes _____ "wool block"
inadequate dietary roughage, gastric trichobezoars