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Flashcards in Avian/Ferrets/Rabbits Deck (162)
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61

Rabbit teeth are ______ which means open-rooted and grow continuously.

hypsodont

62

If rabbits and guinea pigs are housed together, what can the rabbit give to the guinea pig?

respiratory disease-bordetella

63

Rabbit's second set of upper incisors are known as ______ located directly ____ the first pair.

peg teeth, behind

64

What is the major difference between lagamorphs and rodents?

lagamorphs have peg teeth

65

What is malocculsion? What can cause it?

-improperly aligned teeth, -dental carie(cavity), -congenital (recessive genetic trait) -tooth root infection -trauma to head or teeth -often in brachycephalic dwarf and lop breeds

66

T/F Most often in rabbits it's an incisor malocclusion, but there can be occlusion of molar teeth also.

true

67

To trim rabbit teeth use a ______ or dental burr, never use a Resco nail trimmer because it can cause a tooth root infection.

dremel tool

68

Rabbit's anatomic arrangement of ___ and _____ prevents vomiting.

cardia, fundus

69

The oral cavity of a rabbit is small with a narrow ______.

oropharynx

70

The stomach of a rabbit is ______, thin walled with a reservoir for food.

glandular

71

T/F A rabbit's stomach is never completely empty even after fasting

true

72

Rabbits have a long GI tract that is ______ the length of their body. The two areas of prominent gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) is in ________.

10x, intestine

73

Distal end of ileum widens forming the ______ (ileocecal tonsil) the site of FB obstruction.

sacculus rotundus

74

Rabbits are hindgut fermenters where fermentation via bacteria takes places in the ______.

cecum

75

What is the largest organ in a rabbit's abdomen?

cecum

76

What is the difference between normal rabbit feces and night feces?

normal-firm, round, dry (2/3 of fecal output) night-clumps of smaller, soft, mucus coated

77

What is another name for night feces?

cecotrophs (from the cecum)

78

When do rabbits usually ingest cecotrophy?

early morning hours directly from the anus

79

Cecotrophy is recycling and assimilation of ______, _____, and _____

B vitamins, proteins, water

80

Cecotrophy begins between _______ of age and corresponds to when baby rabbits start eating solid food.

2-3 weeks

81

Elizabethan collars will prevent _____.

cecotrophy

82

Rabbits are herbivores that should be fed mostly good quality ______ and green leafy vegetables (offered once or twice daily) and _____ quantities of commercial rabbit pellets.

grass hay, limited

83

Timothy hay should be given _______. Alfalfa hay is not recommended for adults because the high protein and calcium can predispose to _____ or calcium carbonate sludge in bladder.

free choice, cystoliths (bladder stones)

84

T/F Rabbits do not always need hay.

false-always must have hay

85

What greens have little nutritional value? Which should only be offered in small amounts?

1) iceberg and head lettuce 2) spinach, kale, cabbage (high in oxalates/goitrogens)

86

Commercial pellets should have at least 18%  fiber and less than 16% (12-14%) protein and should not contain what?

animal products, dried fruits or veggies, nut or seeds or colored "puffs"

87

A Rabbit's GI tract is designed to digest fiber not ___, ____, and ____.

CHOs, fats, and sugars

88

What is true regarding feed pellets:

a. limit feed pellets no more than 1/4 cup per 5 lbs body weight per day for adults

b. juveniles (4-7 or 8 mo old) can have free choice pellets until they reach maturity

c. over feeding pellets can lead to overeating, obesity, dental problems and chronic diarrhea

d. rabbits don't need to be fed pellets at all if being fed appropriate amounts of hay and veggies e. all of the above

e. all of the above

89

What is GI disease most commonly associated with?

inappropriate diet

90

_________ (not enough hay) causes decreased intestinal motility and possibly predisposes to barbering and ingestion of fur which causes _____ "wool block"

inadequate dietary roughage, gastric trichobezoars