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Intro to Sport Psychology > Attention and Concentration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attention and Concentration Deck (21)
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1

What are the 3 dimensions of attention?

-Concentration
-Selective Perception
-Mental Time Sharing

2

Define Concentration

The ability to exert deliberate mental effort on what is most important in a given situation

3

Define Selective Perception

Ability to zoom in on important stimuli and ignore distracting factors

4

Define Mental Time Sharing

Ability to perform two or more concurrent activities

5

What are the principles of concentration according to Moran, 1996?

- Requires Effort
- Can only focus on one thought at a time
- Focused best when concentrating on specific, relevant things under their own control
- Concentration is lost when focusing on irrelevant factors
- Concentration is disrupted by anxiety

6

What are the 4 parts of concentration?

- Selective Attention (focus on relevant environmental cues)
- Maintained attentional focus over time
- Awareness of situation and performance errors
- Shifting of attentional focus where necessary

7

What are the two dimensions of attention according to Nideffer?

- Direction of Attention
- Width of Attention

8

What are the two directions of attention according to Nideffer?

- Internal; attending to ones own thoughts and feelings
- External; attending to environmental stimuli

9

What are the two main widths of attention according to Nideffer?

- Broad; attending to many cues
- Narrow; attending to one or two cues

10

What is broad-external attention?

Awareness of everything going on around you

11

What is broad-internal attention?

Focusing on personal strategy, game plan, analysis

12

What is narrow-external attention?

Focusing on one or two environmental factors/targets/stimuli

13

What is narrow-internal attention?

Focus on effort and feeling

14

What are the two tried methods for assessing concentration?

-Psychometrics
-Psychophysiological

15

What is the main form of psychometric assessment of attention?

Test of Attention and Interpersonal Style (TAIS)

16

What is the TAIS?

Six domains - 3 relating to info overload, 3 relating to Nideffer's attentional styles.
Effective attenders score high on attention and low on overload

17

What are two forms of psychophysiological measures of attention?

- Electroencephalogram; brain activity measure (EMG)
- Heart Rate measure

18

What are internal distractors to attention?

-Attending to past events
-Attending to future events
-Emotional factors
-Over-analysis of body mechanics
-Lack of Motivation
-Fatigue

19

What are external distractors to attention?

-Visual distractions
-Auditory distractions

20

What are some on-site techniques for improving concentration?

-Simulating competitive environment in practice sessions
-Cue words/self-talk
-Use non-judgemental thinking to reduce anxety and arousal
-Establish routines
-Develop competition plans
-Eye control
-Monitoring oneself
-Overlearning skills

21

What are some general exercises for improving concentration?

-Learning to shift attention
- Compartmentalising intrusive thoughts
- improving ability to maintain focus
- looking for relevant cues
- rehearsing game concentration
- distraction training