Atlas A: General Orientation to Human Anatomy Flashcards Preview

A&P I Exam 1 > Atlas A: General Orientation to Human Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Atlas A: General Orientation to Human Anatomy Deck (84)
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1

Anatomical Position

The feet are flat on the floor and close together, the arms are held downward and supinated (palms forward), and the face is directed forward; this position is used as a reference point for directional terminology for anatomy.

2

Ventral Body Cavity contains:

1 thoracic cavity (includes 2 plural cavities [lungs]; 1 pericardial cavity [heart]; and 1 mediastinum [ contains the pericardial cavity])
1 abdomino-pelvic cavity, (includes abdominal and pelvic organs)
diaphragm: separates the thoracic and abdomen-pelvic cavities.

3

Dorsal Body Cavity contains:

1 cranial cavity (brain)
1 vertebral cavity (spinal cord)

4

Name the 4 body regions:

1. head
2. trunk- thorax; abdomen (upper – right hypochondriac region, epigastric region, and left hypochondriac region; middle – right lumbar region, umbilical region, and left lumbar region; lower – right iliac region, hypogastric region, and left iliac region)
3. pelvis
4. limbs

5

Sagittal:

divides body into right and left sides

6

Mid-sagittal (median):

divides the body into equal right and left sides

7

Transverse (horizontal):

divides the body into superior and inferior parts

8

Frontal (coronal):

divides the body into anterior and posterior parts

9

Inspection:

looking at body's appearance to make clinical diagnosis

10

Auscultation:

listening to the natural sounds made by the body

11

Percussion:

the tapping on the body to feel for signs of abnormal resistance and to listen for emitted sounds

12

Palpation:

feeling a structure with the hands; deep touch

13

Anterior Body Landmarks:
Abdominal

anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

14

Anterior Body Landmarks:
Acromial

the point of the shoulder

15

Anterior Body Landmarks:
antebrachial

the forearm

16

Anterior Body Landmarks:
antecubital

the anterior surface of the elbow

17

Anterior Body Landmarks:
axillary

the armpit

18

Anterior Body Landmarks:
brachial

the upper arm

19

Anterior Body Landmarks:
buccal

the cheek

20

Anterior Body Landmarks:
carpal

the wrist

21

Anterior Body Landmarks:
cervical

the neck region

22

Anterior Body Landmarks:
coxal

the hip

23

Anterior Body Landmarks:
crural

the leg

24

Anterior Body Landmarks:
cubital

anterior elbow

25

Anterior Body Landmarks:
digital

fingers or toes

26

Anterior Body Landmarks:
fermoral

thigh

27

Anterior Body Landmarks:
fibular (peroneal)

the side of the leg

28

Anterior Body Landmarks:
frontal

forehead

29

Anterior Body Landmarks:
hallux

the great toe

30

Anterior Body Landmarks:
inguinal

the groin